abandon

英 [əˈbændən]

美 [əˈbændən]

v.  (不顾责任、义务等)离弃,遗弃,抛弃; (不得已而)舍弃,丢弃,离开; 停止(支持或帮助); 放弃(信念)
n.  放任; 放纵

过去分词:abandoned 过去式:abandoned 现在分词:abandoning 第三人称单数:abandons 

高考CET4CET6考研TOEFLGREIELTSTEM8

Oxford 3000 / Collins.3 / BNC.2057 / COCA.2182

#同义词辨析回顶部

abandon abdicate desert give up quit renounce waive【导航词义:抛弃,放弃】

abandon v. 放弃,遗弃
〔辨析〕
强调永远并完全放弃,不论自愿与否,也可能是为了逃避责任。
〔例证〕
He abandoned his wife and took all their money.
他抛弃了妻子,拿走了他们所有的钱财。
The captain ordered everyone to abandon the burning ship.
船长向所有人下令放弃正在燃烧的船只。
abdicate v. 让位,退位
〔辨析〕
常指国王等放弃王位。
〔例证〕
The Queen has no intention of abdicating her throne.
女王不打算让位。
King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936.
英王爱德华八世于1936年退位。
desert v. 抛弃,放弃
〔辨析〕
多指放弃从前的职业、伙伴、伴侣及监护人资格等,有时带有内疚感。
〔例证〕
He deserted his wife and married a Japanese girl.
他抛弃妻子后,和一位日本姑娘结婚了。
The mother deserted the baby boy soon after giving birth.
那位母亲生下男婴后不久就把他遗弃了。
give up phr. 取消;放弃
〔辨析〕
普通用语,强调终止做某事,通常用来表示放弃某个计划、设计、工作、职位等。
〔例证〕
He has given up his decision to visit New York.
他取消了访问纽约的决定。
I'll give up the job.
我要辞去这份工作。
quit v. 〈尤美〉终止;戒除
〔辨析〕
常指停止做于己不利或伤害他人的事。
〔例证〕
He wants to quit smoking.
他想戒烟。
If I don't get a pay rise, I'll quit.
如果不给我加薪,我就不干了。
renounce v. 放弃
〔辨析〕
表示正式声明放弃职位、官衔、权力等。
〔例证〕
He renounced his citizenship.
他正式声明放弃公民权利。
She renounced her religion.
她宣布放弃自己的宗教信仰。
waive v. 放弃;取消
〔辨析〕
表示正式宣布放弃权利、要求,或宣布取消规则、规定等。
〔例证〕
He had to waive his right to vote in Parliament.
他只好放弃在议会的投票权。
The local government refused to waive its rules.
地方政府拒绝取缔其规定。

cancel abandon drop【导航词义:取消,放弃】

cancel v. 取消
〔辨析〕
指取消已安排或决定好的计划等。
〔例证〕
The flight to New York was cancelled.
飞往纽约的班机取消了。
The project to build the dam was cancelled.
建大坝的项目取消了。
abandon v. 放弃,中止
〔辨析〕
指因困难太多、无法继续下去而放弃做某事。
〔例证〕
He had abandoned all hopes.
他已经放弃了一切希望。
They abandoned the project due to lack of funds.
由于缺乏资金,他们中止了这项工程。
drop v. 停止,放弃
〔辨析〕
强调不再继续下去。
〔例证〕
They dropped their talk.
他们停止了谈话。
Drop everything and come here immediately.
放下所有的事情立即到这里来。

#习惯用语回顶部

 n.

    with gay abandon
  • 不考虑后果;轻率
    without thinking about the results or effects of a particular action

#牛津词典回顶部

 verb

  • (不顾责任、义务等)离弃,遗弃,抛弃
    to leave sb, especially sb you are responsible for, with no intention of returning
    1. The baby had been abandoned by its mother.
      这个婴儿被母亲遗弃了。
    2. The study showed a deep fear among the elderly of being abandoned to the care of strangers.
      研究表明,老人十分害怕被丢给陌生人照管。
  • (不得已而)舍弃,丢弃,离开
    to leave a thing or place, especially because it is impossible or dangerous to stay
    1. Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.
      大雪迫使许多驾驶者弃车步行。
    2. They had to abandon their lands to the invading forces.
      他们不得不舍弃土地,让侵略军占领。
    3. He gave the order to abandon ship (= to leave the ship because it was sinking) .
      他下令弃船(因船快要沉没)。
  • 停止(支持或帮助);放弃(信念)
    to stop supporting or helping sb; to stop believing in sth
    1. The country abandoned its political leaders after the war.
      战后该国人民不再拥护他们的政治领袖。
    2. By 1930 he had abandoned his Marxist principles.
      1930年时他已放弃了马克思主义信念。
  • 中止;放弃;不再有
    to stop doing sth, especially before it is finished; to stop having sth
    1. They abandoned the match because of rain.
      因为下雨,他们中止了比赛。
    2. She abandoned hope of any reconciliation.
      她对和解已不再抱有希望。
  • 陷入,沉湎于(某种情感)
    to feel an emotion so strongly that you can feel nothing else
    1. He abandoned himself to despair.
      他陷入绝望。

 noun

  • 放任;放纵
    an uncontrolled way of behaving that shows that sb does not care what other people think
    1. He signed cheques with careless abandon.
      他无所顾忌地乱开支票。

#柯林斯词典回顶部

  • VERB 离弃;遗弃;抛弃
    If you abandon a place, thing, or person, you leave the place, thing, or person permanently or for a long time, especially when you should not do so.
    1. He claimed that his parents had abandoned him...
      他声称父母遗弃了他。
    2. The road is strewn with abandoned vehicles.
      道路上满是弃置的车辆。
  • VERB 中途放弃,中止(活动、工作等)
    If you abandon an activity or piece of work, you stop doing it before it is finished.
    1. The authorities have abandoned any attempt to distribute food...
      当局中止了分发食物的尝试。
    2. The scheme's investors, fearful of bankruptcy, decided to abandon the project.
      因为担心破产,该计划的投资者决定放弃这个项目。
  • VERB 放弃(想法或思路)
    If you abandon an idea or way of thinking, you stop having that idea or thinking in that way.
    1. Logic had prevailed and he had abandoned the idea.
      最终理智占了上风,他打消了那个念头。
  • VERB 放纵;使沉湎于
    If you abandon yourself to an emotion, you think about it a lot and feel it strongly, especially when other people might think you are wrong to do so.
    1. We are scared to abandon ourselves to our feelings in case we seem weak or out of control.
      我们不敢放纵自己的情感,以免显得太过软弱或缺乏自制。
  • N-UNCOUNT 放任;放纵
    If you say that someone does something with abandon, you mean that they behave in a wild, uncontrolled way and do not think or care about how they should behave.
    1. He has spent money with gay abandon...
      他肆意挥霍钱财。
    2. Their permissiveness toward their children reflects the wild abandon of their own lives.
      他们对孩子的放任折射出他们自身生活的放浪形骸。
  • See also: abandoned
  • PHRASE (船舶下沉时)弃船
    If people abandon ship, they get off a ship because it is sinking.
    1. The officers and crew prepared to abandon ship in an orderly fashion.
      全体船员秩序井然地准备弃船。

#英英释义回顶部

 noun

  • the trait of lacking restraint or control
    1. she danced with abandon
    Synonym: wantonnessunconstraint
  • a feeling of extreme emotional intensity
    1. the wildness of his anger
    Synonym: wildness

 verb

  • stop maintaining or insisting on
    1. He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage
    2. Both sides have to give up some claims in these negotiations
    Synonym: give up
  • leave someone who needs or counts on you
    1. The mother deserted her children
    Synonym: forsakedesolatedesert
  • leave behind empty
    1. You must vacate your office by tonight
    Synonym: vacateempty
  • give up with the intent of never claiming again
    1. Abandon your life to God
    2. She gave up her children to her ex-husband when she moved to Tahiti
    3. We gave the drowning victim up for dead
    Synonym: give up
  • forsake, leave behind
    1. We abandoned the old car in the empty parking lot

#双语例句回顶部

  • He claimed that his parents had abandoned him
    他声称父母遗弃了他。
  • The road is strewn with abandoned vehicles.
    道路上满是弃置的车辆。
  • The authorities have abandoned any attempt to distribute food
    当局中止了分发食物的尝试。
  • The scheme's investors, fearful of bankruptcy, decided to abandon the project.
    因为担心破产,该计划的投资者决定放弃这个项目。
  • Logic had prevailed and he had abandoned the idea.
    最终理智占了上风,他打消了那个念头。
  • We are scared to abandon ourselves to our feelings in case we seem weak or out of control.
    我们不敢放纵自己的情感,以免显得太过软弱或缺乏自制。
  • He has spent money with gay abandon
    他肆意挥霍钱财。
  • Their permissiveness toward their children reflects the wild abandon of their own lives.
    他们对孩子的放任折射出他们自身生活的放浪形骸。
  • The officers and crew prepared to abandon ship in an orderly fashion.
    全体船员秩序井然地准备弃船。
  • Their decision to abandon the trip was made because of financial constraints
    他们决定放弃这次出游是因为财力有限。
  • I decided not to abandon John when he was in such a desperate position.
    我决定不在约翰走投无路的时候抛弃他。
  • There was a general air of festivity and abandon.
    到处是一派纵情狂欢的气氛。
  • It would be irresponsible of me not to advise my company to abandon this project
    若我不建议公司放弃这个项目,那我就是不负责任。
  • The market might abandon the stock, and knock down its price
    市场可能会抛售该股票,从而令其股价下跌。
  • Many want to abandon the multilateral trade talks in Geneva.
    很多国家想退出在日内瓦举行的多边贸易会谈。
  • The storm got worse and worse. Finally, I was obliged to abandon the car and continue on foot
    暴风雨愈发猛烈,我最终不得不弃车步行。
  • We had no option but to abandon the meeting.
    我们别无选择,只有放弃这次会面。
  • It did not persuade them to abandon the war but it did force them to reappraise their strategy.
    那并没有说服他们放弃战争,但的确迫使他们重新评估了自己的战略。
  • Abandon hope all ye who enter here.
    汝等进入此地,须弃绝希望。
  • We should not yet abandon this option for the disposal of highly radioactive waste.
    我们还不能放弃选择这种方式来处理高辐射废料。
  • Finding himself under fire from all quarters, he had no alternative but to abandon his scheme for the time being.
    在这四面楚歌的情况下,他没有别的办法,只好暂时放弃他的计划。
  • The Gypsies danced with gay abandon.
    吉普赛人纵情地跳舞。
  • This year holiday shoppers are spending money with reckless abandon.
    今年的假日购物者花钱毫无顾忌。
  • They had to abandon their lands and property to the invading forces.
    他们不得不放弃土地和财产,让侵略军占领。
  • His supporters screamed with wild abandon.
    替他捧场的人疯狂地尖叫。
  • She was obliged to abandon that idea.
    她被迫放弃了那个想法。
  • The grapes grew in wild abandon.
    葡萄长疯了。
  • To build eco-civilization, we must popularize ecological knowledge, set up ecological value, carry out a "revolution of conscience", and abandon materialism, economism and consumerism.
    为建设生态文明,必须普及生态学知识,树立生态价值观,实现“良心的革命”,摒弃物质主义、经济主义和消费主义价值观。
  • The children sang and danced with a most charming abandon that day.
    那天孩子们尽情地唱歌跳舞,可爱极了。
  • The fans cheered with abandon when their football team won.
    当他们的足球队踢赢时,球迷们便疯狂地欢呼。