abdicate

英 [ˈæbdɪkeɪt]

美 [ˈæbdɪkeɪt]

v.  退位; 逊位; 失(职); 放弃(职责)

过去式:abdicated 过去分词:abdicated 现在分词:abdicating 第三人称单数:abdicates 复数:abdicates 

TOEFLGRETEM8

BNC.18884 / COCA.19114

#同义词辨析回顶部

abandon abdicate desert give up quit renounce waive【导航词义:抛弃,放弃】

abandon v. 放弃,遗弃
〔辨析〕
强调永远并完全放弃,不论自愿与否,也可能是为了逃避责任。
〔例证〕
He abandoned his wife and took all their money.
他抛弃了妻子,拿走了他们所有的钱财。
The captain ordered everyone to abandon the burning ship.
船长向所有人下令放弃正在燃烧的船只。
abdicate v. 让位,退位
〔辨析〕
常指国王等放弃王位。
〔例证〕
The Queen has no intention of abdicating her throne.
女王不打算让位。
King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936.
英王爱德华八世于1936年退位。
desert v. 抛弃,放弃
〔辨析〕
多指放弃从前的职业、伙伴、伴侣及监护人资格等,有时带有内疚感。
〔例证〕
He deserted his wife and married a Japanese girl.
他抛弃妻子后,和一位日本姑娘结婚了。
The mother deserted the baby boy soon after giving birth.
那位母亲生下男婴后不久就把他遗弃了。
give up phr. 取消;放弃
〔辨析〕
普通用语,强调终止做某事,通常用来表示放弃某个计划、设计、工作、职位等。
〔例证〕
He has given up his decision to visit New York.
他取消了访问纽约的决定。
I'll give up the job.
我要辞去这份工作。
quit v. 〈尤美〉终止;戒除
〔辨析〕
常指停止做于己不利或伤害他人的事。
〔例证〕
He wants to quit smoking.
他想戒烟。
If I don't get a pay rise, I'll quit.
如果不给我加薪,我就不干了。
renounce v. 放弃
〔辨析〕
表示正式声明放弃职位、官衔、权力等。
〔例证〕
He renounced his citizenship.
他正式声明放弃公民权利。
She renounced her religion.
她宣布放弃自己的宗教信仰。
waive v. 放弃;取消
〔辨析〕
表示正式宣布放弃权利、要求,或宣布取消规则、规定等。
〔例证〕
He had to waive his right to vote in Parliament.
他只好放弃在议会的投票权。
The local government refused to waive its rules.
地方政府拒绝取缔其规定。

#牛津词典回顶部

 verb

  • 退位;逊位
    to give up the position of being king or queen
    1. He abdicated in favour of his son.
      他把王位让给了儿子。
    2. She was forced to abdicate the throne of Spain.
      她被迫让出西班牙的王位。
  • 失(职);放弃(职责)
    to fail or refuse to perform a duty

    #柯林斯词典回顶部

    • VERB 退位;逊位
      If a king or queen abdicates, he or she gives up being king or queen.
      1. The last French king was Louis Philippe, who abdicated in 1848.
        法国末代国王是1848年逊位的路易·菲力普。
    • VERB 放弃(责任);失(职)
      If you say that someone has abdicated responsibility for something, you disapprove of them because they have refused to accept responsibility for it any longer.
      1. Many parents simply abdicate all responsibility for their children.
        许多父母对孩子简直是完全撒手不管。

    #英英释义回顶部

     verb

    • give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations
      1. The King abdicated when he married a divorcee
      Synonym: renounce

    #双语例句回顶部

    • The last French king was Louis Philippe, who abdicated in 1848.
      法国末代国王是1848年逊位的路易·菲力普。
    • Many parents simply abdicate all responsibility for their children.
      许多父母对孩子简直是完全撒手不管。
    • Yuan Shikai forced the emperor to abdicate and hand over power to him.
      袁世凯逼迫皇帝逊位,把政权交给他。
    • This does not mean I abdicate responsibility for any of the departments that report to me.
      这么说并不意味着我会卸下所有下属部门的工作责任。
    • Refusal to Take Charge: When it comes to the bigger decisions that you need to make, you may well prefer to abdicate the responsibility to someone else.
      拒绝掌管权。当你面临要作出一个巨大的决策时,你可能更倾向于把这项职责转交给其他人。
    • When Paula Dobriansky told the gathering that the Bush Administration "will not abdicate our responsibility" to address global warming, the hall filled with boos.
      当保拉·多布里扬斯基向大会宣布布什政府“不会放弃自己的责任”去处理全球变暖这一问题时,全场报以唏嘘声。
    • He chose to abdicate rather than mar the image of the monarchy.
      因此,为了维护统治者的形象,爱德华选择了退位。
    • As a member of this club, you can't abdicate your responsibilities.
      作为这个俱乐部的成员,你不能放弃你的责任。
    • No state can abdicate the responsibility to protect its people from crimes against humanity, let alone justify perpetrating such crimes itself.
      就保护本国公民免遭“危害人类罪”而言,没有哪个国家能够推卸掉自己的责任,更遑论为自己犯下此类罪行进行辩解。
    • You can completely abdicate your societal responsibilities.
      你可以完全放下你的包袱。
    • Parents, I am told, often abdicate their responsibilities.
      我常听到父母们说大多放弃他们的职责了。
    • Arabian political and religious leader who led a revolt against the Turks and proclaimed himself king of Hejaz ( 1916). He was forced to abdicate in1924.
      阿拉伯政治家,宗教领袖,曾领导对土耳其的叛乱,并自称希贾兹王(1916年)。1924年被迫辞职。
    • Three years later, he induced the boy emperor to abdicate in his favour.
      三年后,他诱导孩子逼宫在他的赞成票。
    • The old must abdicate new. I made room for the old man.
      老的必须让位于新的。我让位给那个老人坐。
    • He attempted to carry out military reforms, but the civil party was too strong for him and he was forced to abdicate.
      他试图进行军事改革,但是官僚贵族派系的力量对他来说太过于强大,因而他被迫退位。
    • In remote antiquity, an emperor by the name of Du Yu was forced to abdicate without fulfilling his life's ambition.
      在远古时期,皇帝的名字叫做杜宇被迫退位而未履行他一生的志向。
    • The government cannot abdicate responsibility for national security.
      政府不能放弃维护国家安全的责任。
    • The first: I should walk into presidential government office, tell that pig, his policy too ( abdicate).
      第一只:我要走进总统府,告诉那只猪,他的政策太逊了。
    • The British wanted another candidate to run Zanzibar, and demanded the nephew abdicate.
      英国人心中另有人选,要求发动政变的侄子让位。
    • If the King does not abdicate, he will have to be dethroned.
      如果国王不退位那他只能被废黜了。
    • A king, realizing his incompetence, can either delegate or abdicate his duties. A father can do neither.-Marlene Dietrich.
      一个认识到自己不称职的国王,可以委托授权或干脆放弃。一个父亲却被无选择。
    • If you are tired with your customers, why not abdicate?
      既然对顾客很不耐烦,何不辞职不干呢?
    • If companies abdicate the role, then society needs to devise other ways to offer long-term support and security to the self-employed, as the Freelancers Union and others have been attempting to do.
      如果企业不愿扮演这样的角色,社会应该设计出其他办法,为自我雇佣者提供长期支持和保障,就像自由职业者联盟和其他人正试图做的那样。
    • The old must abdicate new.
      老的必须让位于新的。
    • Yesterday, my boss told Jenny he had a crush on her. I believe that all's fair in love and war. I have to abdicate the office and leave the sad place and my dear Jenny. Ai!
      昨天老板告诉珍妮说他迷恋着她,我相信在男女交往中,人们是不择手段的,我只有辞职离开这个伤心的地方和我亲爱的珍妮了,哎!
    • He was forced to abdicate and all over the country flags flew at half-mast.
      他被迫让位,为此举国降下半旗。
    • But expensive things are not inevitably the province of the rich unless we abdicate society's power of choice.
      然而,只要你不放弃对社会权利的选择,高档享受不可避免地成为富人的特有的领域。
    • The activated area was larger in subtraction calculation task with abdication than that without abdication one. If the King does not abdicate, he will have to be dethroned.
      退位减法时激活的面积明显增大。如果国王不退位那他只能被废黜了。
    • Did the king abdicate or was he deposed?
      那个国王是自己放弃王位还是被废的?
    • His declining health added weight to speculation that the king would soon abdicate.
      国王日益恶化的健康状况加强了人们对他即将退位的猜测。