absorb

英 [əbˈzɔːb]

美 [əbˈzɔːrb]

v.  吸收(液体、气体等); 使并入; 吞并; 同化; 理解; 掌握

过去分词:absorbed 过去式:absorbed 第三人称单数:absorbs 现在分词:absorbing 

高考CET4CET6考研TOEFLIELTSGRETEM4TEM8BEC医学

Oxford 3000 / Collins.2 / BNC.2879 / COCA.3120

#同义词辨析回顶部

absorb assimilate imbibe【导航词义:吸收】

absorb v. 吸收
〔辨析〕
指吸收液体、气体、光、热等,或吸取知识、信息等。
〔例证〕
Plants absorb moisture from the air.
植物从空气中吸取水分。
Readers absorb knowledge from books.
读者从书中汲取知识。
assimilate v. 吸收,理解
〔辨析〕
强调透彻理解观点或信息。
〔例证〕
The board will need time to assimilate the information.
董事会需要时间来吃透这些信息。
Can you assimilate what you've read?
你读的东西都能消化理解吗?
imbibe v. 〈正式〉吸收,接受
〔辨析〕
指接受品质、观点、价值等并受到影响。
〔例证〕
He had imbibed the traditions of his family.
他受到了自己家庭传统的影响。
Youngsters imbibe wisdom from their elders.
年轻人从长辈那里吸取智慧。

#牛津词典回顶部

 verb

    液体;气体 liquid/gas
  • 吸收(液体、气体等)
    to take in a liquid, gas or other substance from the surface or space around
    1. Plants absorb oxygen.
      植物吸收氧气。
    2. The cream is easily absorbed into the skin.
      这种乳霜皮肤易吸收。
  • 使并入 make part of sth larger
  • 使并入;吞并;同化
    to make sth smaller become part of sth larger
    1. The surrounding small towns have been absorbed into the city.
      四周的小城镇已并入这座城市。
    2. The country simply cannot absorb this influx of refugees.
      这个国家实在没有能力接纳这么多涌入的难民。
  • 信息 information
  • 理解;掌握
    to take sth into the mind and learn or understand it
    1. It's a lot of information to absorb all at once.
      要一下子消化这么多资料,真是很难。
  • 引起兴趣 interest sb
  • 吸引全部注意力;使全神贯注
    to interest sb very much so that they pay no attention to anything else
    1. This work had absorbed him for several years.
      这项工作曾使他沉迷了好几年。
  • 热;光;能 heat/light/energy
  • 吸收(热、光、能等)
    to take in and keep heat, light, energy, etc. instead of reflecting it
    1. Black walls absorb a lot of heat during the day.
      黑色墙壁在白天吸收大量的热。
  • 震动;撞击 shock/impact
  • 减轻(打击、碰击等的)作用
    to reduce the effect of a blow, hit, etc.
    1. This tennis racket absorbs shock on impact.
      这个网球拍能减轻撞击所产生的剧烈震动。
  • 金钱;时间;变化 money/time/changes
  • 耗费,耗去(大量金钱、时间等)
    to use up a large supply of sth, especially money or time
    1. The new proposals would absorb $80 billion of the federal budget.
      这些新提案将耗费800亿元联邦政府预算。
  • 承受,承担,对付(变化、结果、费用等)
    to deal with changes, effects, costs, etc.
    1. The company is unable to absorb such huge losses.
      公司无法承担如此巨大的亏损。

#柯林斯词典回顶部

  • VERB 吸收(液体、气体等)
    If something absorbs a liquid, gas, or other substance, it soaks it up or takes it in.
    1. Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air and moisture from the soil...
      植物从空气中吸收二氧化碳并从土壤中汲取水分。
    2. Refined sugars are absorbed into the bloodstream very quickly.
      精制糖迅速吸收进血液中。
  • VERB 吸收(光、热等能量)
    If something absorbs light, heat, or another form of energy, it takes it in.
    1. A household radiator absorbs energy in the form of electric current and releases it in the form of heat.
      家用取暖器吸收电流能量,再以热量的形式释放出来。
  • VERB 合并;兼并;吸收并同化
    If a group is absorbed into a larger group, it becomes part of the larger group.
    1. The Colonial Office was absorbed into the Foreign Office.
      殖民部被并入了外交部。
    2. ...an economy capable of absorbing thousands of immigrants.
      能够吸纳数千移民的经济实体
  • VERB 消减,缓冲(外力、震动等)
    If something absorbs a force or shock, it reduces its effect.
    1. ...footwear which does not absorb the impact of the foot striking the ground.
      不具备减震功能的鞋子
  • VERB 经受,承受(变革、影响等);承担(费用等)
    If a system or society absorbs changes, effects, or costs, it is able to deal with them.
    1. The banks would be forced to absorb large losses...
      银行将被迫承受巨大的损失。
    2. We can't absorb those costs.
      我们负担不起那些费用。
  • VERB 用掉,花掉(大量金钱);占去(空间、时间)
    If something absorbs something valuable such as money, space, or time, it uses up a great deal of it.
    1. It absorbed vast amounts of capital that could have been used for investment...
      它消耗掉了原本可用于投资的大笔资金。
    2. It might help if campaigning didn't absorb so much time and money.
      如果竞选活动没耗费这么多的时间和金钱,情况或许还不会这么糟。
  • VERB 理解,掌握(信息)
    If you absorb information, you learn and understand it.
    1. Too often he only absorbs half the information in the manual...
      他对于说明书上所说的经常是一知半解。
    2. We closed our offices at 2:00 p.m. to give employees time to absorb the bad news.
      我们下午两点就放工了,以便给员工时间来慢慢接受这一坏消息。
  • See also: ...a second career which absorbed her more completely than her acting ever had. absorbed absorbing

#英英释义回顶部

 verb

  • cause to become one with
    1. The sales tax is absorbed into the state income tax
  • consume all of one's attention or time
    1. Her interest in butterflies absorbs her completely
    Synonym: engrossengageoccupy
  • devote (oneself) fully to
    1. He immersed himself into his studies
    Synonym: steepimmerseengulfplungeengrosssoak up
  • take up mentally
    1. he absorbed the knowledge or beliefs of his tribe
    Synonym: assimilateingesttake in
  • assimilate or take in
    1. The immigrants were quickly absorbed into society
  • take in, also metaphorically
    1. The sponge absorbs water well
    2. She drew strength from the minister's words
    Synonym: suckimbibesoak upsop upsuck updrawtake intake up
  • become imbued
    1. The liquids, light, and gases absorb
  • take up, as of debts or payments
    1. absorb the costs for something
    Synonym: take over
  • suck or take up or in
    1. A black star absorbs all matter
    Synonym: take in

#双语例句回顶部

  • Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air and moisture from the soil
    植物从空气中吸收二氧化碳并从土壤中汲取水分。
  • Refined sugars are absorbed into the bloodstream very quickly.
    精制糖迅速吸收进血液中。
  • A household radiator absorbs energy in the form of electric current and releases it in the form of heat.
    家用取暖器吸收电流能量,再以热量的形式释放出来。
  • The Colonial Office was absorbed into the Foreign Office.
    殖民部被并入了外交部。
  • The banks would be forced to absorb large losses
    银行将被迫承受巨大的损失。
  • We can't absorb those costs.
    我们负担不起那些费用。
  • It absorbed vast amounts of capital that could have been used for investment
    它消耗掉了原本可用于投资的大笔资金。
  • It might help if campaigning didn't absorb so much time and money.
    如果竞选活动没耗费这么多的时间和金钱,情况或许还不会这么糟。
  • Too often he only absorbs half the information in the manual
    他对于说明书上所说的经常是一知半解。
  • We closed our offices at 2:00 p.m. to give employees time to absorb the bad news.
    我们下午两点就放工了,以便给员工时间来慢慢接受这一坏消息。
  • His ability to absorb bits of disconnected information was astonishing.
    他吸收利用互不相关的零碎信息的能耐惊人。
  • Steel barriers can bend and absorb the shock.
    钢制栅栏可以弯曲并能吸收冲击力。
  • His ability to absorb information was astonishing, but his concentration span was short
    他吸收信息的能力令人吃惊,但是他的注意力持续时间很短。
  • This kind of paper does not absorb ink.
    这种纸不吃墨。
  • Animals absorb foods into their bodies.
    动物把食物吸收到体内。
  • The rocks absorb more energy than they reflect.
    岩石吸收的能量比反射的多。
  • The company is unable to absorb such huge losses.
    公司无力承受如此巨大的损失。
  • Oil companies say they will absorb these price rises, and not pass them on customers.
    石油公司说他们会承担价格的上涨,不会把费用转移到顾客身上。
  • The country simply cannot absorb this influx of refugees.
    这个国家实在不能接纳这么多涌入的难民。
  • So many new ideas! it's all rather too much for me to absorb all at once.
    这么多的新主意!多得我一下子理解不了。
  • International affairs absorb his attention.
    他专心研究国际问题。
  • Most solar heating systems use large aluminum or alloy sheets, painted black to absorb the sun's heat.
    大多数太阳能热水器使用大片的涂成黑色的铝板或合金板来吸收太阳的热量。
  • Plants absorb carbon dioxide.
    植物吸收二氧化碳。
  • Plants absorb energy from the sun.
    植物吸收太阳的能量。
  • Plants generally absorb and translocate relatively small amounts of arsenic into aboveground parts.
    植物常常将少量的砷吸收和转移到地上部分。
  • He used thick paper to absorb the ink.
    他用厚纸把墨水吸干。
  • Frogs absorb water through their skins.
    青蛙借皮肤吸收水分。
  • Plants can absorb dust.
    园林植物可吸滞灰尘。
  • The market could not absorb the increased sugar production.
    市场消化不了业已增长的糖产量。
  • We must absorb as much information as possible.
    我们必须尽可能地吸收大量信息。