abstract

英 [ˈæbstrækt , æbˈstrækt]

美 [ˈæbstrækt , æbˈstrækt]

adj.  抽象的(与个别情况相对); 纯理论的; 抽象的(与具体经验相对); 抽象(派)的
n.  抽象派艺术作品; (文献等的)摘要,概要
v.  把…抽象出; 提取; 抽取; 分离; 写出(书等的)摘要

复数:abstracts 过去分词:abstracted 现在分词:abstracting 第三人称单数:abstracts 过去式:abstracted 

高考CET4CET6考研TOEFLIELTSGRETEM4TEM8BEC计算机

Collins.2 / BNC.3729 / COCA.4007

#同义词辨析回顶部

abstract conceptual theoretical【导航词义:抽象的】

abstract adj. 抽象的,纯理论的
〔辨析〕
强调抽象性。
〔例证〕
Abstract ideas sometimes cannot match facts.
抽象概念有时会与事实不符。
It is difficult to read abstract theories.
抽象的理论很难读。
conceptual adj. 〈正式〉概念(上)的,观念(上)的
〔辨析〕
强调概念性的。
〔例证〕
This conceptual theory comes from practical experience.
这一概念性理论源于实践经验。
Only human beings have the ability to think conceptual thoughts.
只有人类才有概念思维的能力。
theoretical adj. 理论的;理论上的
〔辨析〕
强调基于理论而非实践经验的。
〔例证〕
He studies theoretical physics.
他在读理论物理。
He believes only theoretical science can create miracles.
他认为唯有理论科学才能创造奇迹。

#习惯用语回顶部

 n.

    in the abstract
  • 抽象地;理论上
    in a general way, without referring to a particular real person, thing or situation

#牛津词典回顶部

 adj.

  • 抽象的(与个别情况相对);纯理论的
    based on general ideas and not on any particular real person, thing or situation
    1. abstract knowledge/principles
      理论知识;抽象原理
    2. The research shows that preschool children are capable of thinking in abstract terms.
      研究表明,学龄前儿童具有抽象思维的能力。
  • 抽象的(与具体经验相对)
    existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical reality
    1. We may talk of beautiful things but beauty itself is abstract.
      我们尽可谈论美的事物,但美本身却是抽象的。
  • 抽象(派)的
    not representing people or things in a realistic way, but expressing the artist's ideas about them

     noun

    • 抽象派艺术作品
      an abstract work of art
      1. (文献等的)摘要,概要
        a short piece of writing containing the main ideas in a document

         verb

        • 把…抽象出;提取;抽取;分离
          to remove sth from somewhere
          1. She abstracted the main points from the argument.
            她把论证概括成要点。
          2. a plan to abstract 8 million gallons of water from the river
            从这条河中抽取800万加仑水的计划
        • 写出(书等的)摘要
          to make a written summary of a book, etc.

          #柯林斯词典回顶部

            The adjective and noun are pronounced /'æbstrækt/. The verb is pronounced /æb'strækt/. 形容词和名词读作 /'æbstrækt/。动词读作 /æb'strækt/。

          • ADJ-GRADED 抽象的;纯概念的
            An abstract idea or way of thinking is based on general ideas rather than on real things and events.
            1. ...abstract principles such as justice...
              正义等抽象原则
            2. It's not a question of some abstract concept.
              这不是某个抽象概念的问题。
            3. ...the faculty of abstract reasoning.
              抽象推理的能力
          • PHRASE 大体上;理论上;抽象地
            When you talk or think about something in the abstract, you talk or think about it in a general way, rather than considering particular things or events.
            1. Money was a commodity she never thought about except in the abstract.
              钱对她来说就是个抽象的东西,她从不去想钱。
          • ADJ (名词)抽象的,表示抽象概念的
            In grammar, an abstract noun refers to a quality or idea rather than to a physical object.
            1. ...abstract words such as glory, honor, and courage.
              抽象名词,如光荣、荣耀和勇气
          • ADJ-GRADED (艺术)抽象(派)的
            Abstract art makes use of shapes and patterns rather than showing people or things.
            1. ...a modern abstract painting.
              一幅现代派抽象画
          • 抽象派艺术作品
            An abstract is an abstract work of art.
            1. 摘要;梗概
              An abstract of an article, document, or speech is a short piece of writing that gives the main points of it.
              1. VERB 提取;抽取;摘取
                If you abstract something from a place, you take it from there.
                1. ...a licence to abstract water from the River Axe...
                  从阿克斯河中抽水的许可证
                2. The author has abstracted poems from earlier books.
                  作者从以前的书中摘取了一些诗作。

              #英英释义回顶部

               noun

              • a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
                1. he loved her only in the abstract--not in person
                Synonym: abstraction
              • a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory
                  Synonym: outlinesynopsisprecis

                 verb

                 adj

                • existing only in the mind
                  1. abstract words like `truth' and `justice'
                • dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention
                  1. abstract reasoning
                  2. abstract science
                • not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature
                  1. a large abstract painting
                  Synonym: abstractionistnonfigurativenonobjective

                #双语例句回顶部

                • It's not a question of some abstract concept.
                  这不是某个抽象概念的问题。
                • Money was a commodity she never thought about except in the abstract.
                  钱对她来说就是个抽象的东西,她从不去想钱。
                • The author has abstracted poems from earlier books.
                  作者从以前的书中摘取了一些诗作。
                • His painting went through both representational and abstract periods.
                  他的绘画经历了具象风格和抽象风格两个阶段。
                • Physics is the best example of a science which has developed strong, abstract theories.
                  物理学是自然科学中发展出了强有力的抽象理论的最好例子。
                • The test has scores for verbal skills, mathematical skills, and abstract reasoning skills
                  测试包含对语言能力、数学能力和抽象推理能力的考查。
                • Don't speak in such abstract terms.
                  不要这样抽象地谈问题。
                • The atomic theory of matter is so abstract that it can be fully understood only by advanced students.
                  原子论高深莫测,只有高级学者才能完全理解。
                • When you talk about abstract things, people can understand you better if you draw concrete analogies.
                  讲抽象的事情,拿具体的东西来打比,就容易使人明白。
                • Sweetness is abstract, sugar is concrete.
                  “甜”是抽象的,“糖”是具体的。
                • It is possible to abstract several good points from his discussion.
                  从他的讨论中提取一些要点是有可能的。
                • Nothing can abstract his mind while he works.
                  他工作时,什么也不能使他分心。
                • Please write an abstract of this article 〔 thesis 〕.
                  请写一份这本书〔这篇论文〕的摘要。
                • An anonymous benefactor tried to abstract this story for a Book report.
                  一名不愿透露姓名的捐助者试写出这篇故事的梗概,以供写书评使用。
                • He is an abstract painter.
                  他是一个抽象派画家。
                • It is sometimes easier to illustrate an abstract concept by analogy with something concrete.
                  有时通过与某种具体事物的类比,更容易说明某个抽象的概念。
                • I like dogs in the abstract, but I can't bear this one.
                  一般说来,我喜欢狗,可是这只狗叫我受不了。
                • Please abstract this scientific article.
                  请给这篇科学论文做摘要。
                • He read through the papers and made an abstract of their contents.
                  他把那些论文都读了一遍并做了内容摘要。
                • Abstract ideas may lead to concrete plans.
                  抽象的见解可能产生出具体的计划。
                • Can you abstract the watch from my pocket without my knowing it?
                  你能从我衣袋里把表偷走而不让我察觉吗?
                • Your explanation is too abstract for me.
                  你的解释对我而言过于深奥。
                • I'm just talking the abstract now.
                  我现在只是在泛泛而谈。
                • Workers abstract metal from ore.
                  工人从矿砂中提炼金属。
                • Abstract painters made a break with the tradition.
                  抽象派画家与过去的传统断绝了关系。
                • 13. Essentially, a theory is an abstract, symbolic representation of what is conceived to be reality.
                  理论在本质上是对认识了的现实的一种抽象和符号化的表达。
                • For XM, I chose to abstract the user interface and the resource manager.
                  对于XM,我选择了抽象用户界面和资源管理。
                • This is all abstract and not concrete.
                  这太抽象了,一点都不具体。
                • Abstract: this paper introduces the structure, working principle and its application of torque control screw.
                  文摘:介绍了扭矩控制螺栓的结构和工作原理以及它的应用。