desert

英 [ˈdezət , dɪˈzɜːt]

美 [ˈdezərt , dɪˈzɜːrt]

n.  沙漠; 荒漠; 荒原
v.  抛弃,离弃,遗弃(某人); 舍弃,离弃(某地方); 擅离(部队); 逃走; 开小差

过去分词:deserted 复数:deserts 过去式:deserted 现在分词:deserting 第三人称单数:deserts 

高考CET4CET6考研TOEFLIELTSGRETEM4

Oxford 3000 / Collins.3 / BNC.3426 / COCA.2196

#同义词辨析回顶部

abandon abdicate desert give up quit renounce waive【导航词义:抛弃,放弃】

abandon v. 放弃,遗弃
〔辨析〕
强调永远并完全放弃,不论自愿与否,也可能是为了逃避责任。
〔例证〕
He abandoned his wife and took all their money.
他抛弃了妻子,拿走了他们所有的钱财。
The captain ordered everyone to abandon the burning ship.
船长向所有人下令放弃正在燃烧的船只。
abdicate v. 让位,退位
〔辨析〕
常指国王等放弃王位。
〔例证〕
The Queen has no intention of abdicating her throne.
女王不打算让位。
King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936.
英王爱德华八世于1936年退位。
desert v. 抛弃,放弃
〔辨析〕
多指放弃从前的职业、伙伴、伴侣及监护人资格等,有时带有内疚感。
〔例证〕
He deserted his wife and married a Japanese girl.
他抛弃妻子后,和一位日本姑娘结婚了。
The mother deserted the baby boy soon after giving birth.
那位母亲生下男婴后不久就把他遗弃了。
give up phr. 取消;放弃
〔辨析〕
普通用语,强调终止做某事,通常用来表示放弃某个计划、设计、工作、职位等。
〔例证〕
He has given up his decision to visit New York.
他取消了访问纽约的决定。
I'll give up the job.
我要辞去这份工作。
quit v. 〈尤美〉终止;戒除
〔辨析〕
常指停止做于己不利或伤害他人的事。
〔例证〕
He wants to quit smoking.
他想戒烟。
If I don't get a pay rise, I'll quit.
如果不给我加薪,我就不干了。
renounce v. 放弃
〔辨析〕
表示正式声明放弃职位、官衔、权力等。
〔例证〕
He renounced his citizenship.
他正式声明放弃公民权利。
She renounced her religion.
她宣布放弃自己的宗教信仰。
waive v. 放弃;取消
〔辨析〕
表示正式宣布放弃权利、要求,或宣布取消规则、规定等。
〔例证〕
He had to waive his right to vote in Parliament.
他只好放弃在议会的投票权。
The local government refused to waive its rules.
地方政府拒绝取缔其规定。

#习惯用语回顶部

 v.

    (like rats) deserting/leaving a sinking ship
  • (比喻只顾自己而离开处于困境中的机构等)(像)逃离沉船(的老鼠)
    used to talk about people who leave an organization, a company, etc. that is having difficulties, without caring about the people who are left

#牛津词典回顶部

 noun

  • 沙漠;荒漠;荒原
    a large area of land that has very little water and very few plants growing on it. Many deserts are covered by sand.
    1. the Sahara Desert
      撒哈拉大沙漠
    2. Somalia is mostly desert.
      索马里大部分地区都是荒漠。
    3. burning desert sands
      沙漠里灼热的沙
    4. a cultural desert (= a place without any culture)
      文化沙漠

 verb

  • 抛弃,离弃,遗弃(某人)
    to leave sb without help or support
    1. She was deserted by her husband.
      她被丈夫遗弃了。
  • 舍弃,离弃(某地方)
    to go away from a place and leave it empty
    1. The villages had been deserted.
      这些村庄已经荒无人烟了。
    2. The owl seems to have deserted its nest.
      这只猫头鹰似乎不要这个窝了。
  • 擅离(部队);逃走;开小差
    to leave the armed forces without permission
    1. Large numbers of soldiers deserted as defeat became inevitable.
      战败已成定局,许多士兵开小差跑了。
  • 废弃;放弃;撇下不管
    to stop using, buying or supporting sth
    1. Why did you desert teaching for politics?
      你为什么弃教从政呢?
  • 背离;使失望
    if a particular quality deserts you, it is not there when you need it
    1. Her courage seemed to desert her for a moment.
      她一时间似乎失去了勇气。

#柯林斯词典回顶部

    The noun is pronounced /'dezət/. The pronunciation /dɪ'zɜːt/ is used for the verb and for meaning 8. The verb is hyphenated de|sert. 名词读作 /'dezət/。动词和义项 8 读作/dɪ'zɜːt/。动词分音节符号的位置为 de|sert。

  • N-VAR 沙漠;荒漠
    A desert is a large area of land, usually in a hot region, where there is almost no water, rain, trees, or plants.
    1. ...the Sahara Desert.
      撒哈拉大沙漠
    2. ...the burning desert sun...
      沙漠中火辣辣的太阳
    3. The vehicles have been modified to suit conditions in the desert.
      车辆已改装过以适应沙漠的环境。
  • N-COUNT 枯燥乏味的地方(或境况)
    If you refer to a place or situation as a desert, you think it is bad for people because it is not interesting, exciting, or useful in any way.
    1. They live in 12 high-rise apartment buildings that sit in a desert of concrete...
      他们居住的地方是坐落于一片钢筋水泥丛林中的12栋高层公寓楼。
    2. Pubs are a cultural desert.
      酒馆是文化沙漠。
  • VERB 离弃,舍弃(某地)
    If people or animals desert a place, they leave it and it becomes empty.
    1. Farmers are deserting their fields and coming here looking for jobs...
      小农场主正舍弃他们的土地,到这里来寻找工作。
    2. After the show, the audience deserts the Blackpool streets.
      演出结束后,观众从布莱克浦的大街上消失了踪迹。
  • VERB 抛弃,遗弃(某人)
    If someone deserts you, they go away and leave you, and no longer help or support you.
    1. Mrs Roding's husband deserted her years ago...
      罗丁太太的丈夫数年前抛弃了她。
    2. He has been deserted by most of his advisers.
      他的大多数顾问都弃他而去。
  • VERB 背弃;放弃;脱离
    If you desert something that you support, use, or are involved with, you stop supporting it, using it, or being involved with it.
    1. The paper's price rise will encourage readers to desert in even greater numbers...
      报纸价格的上涨将导致更多的读者不再订阅。
    2. He was pained to see many youngsters deserting kibbutz life...
      看到那么多的年轻人放弃了合作农场的生活,他感到很痛心。
    3. Spaniards are worried about German investors deserting Spain for Eastern Europe.
      西班牙人担心德国投资者放弃西班牙而转向东欧。
  • VERB 突然丧失(特质、技巧等)
    If a quality or skill that you normally have deserts you, you suddenly find that you do not have it when you need it or want it.
    1. Even when he appeared to be depressed, a dry sense of humour never deserted him...
      即使在他看上去很沮丧的时候,他也从没有丧失过自己的冷面幽默。
    2. She lost the next five games, and the set, as her confidence abruptly deserted her.
      她突然自信心全失,接下来连败 5 局,并最终丢了这一盘。
  • VERB 擅离(职守);(尤指从军队)开小差
    If someone deserts, or deserts a job, especially a job in the armed forces, they leave that job without permission.
    1. He was a second-lieutenant in the army until he deserted...
      他在擅离部队之前是一名陆军少尉。
    2. He deserted from army intelligence last month...
      上个月他从陆军情报机关开小差跑了。
    3. Young workers are more willing to desert jobs they don't like.
      年轻职工对不喜欢的工作更易擅自离职。
  • PHRASE 应得的惩罚;报应
    If you say that someone has got their just deserts, you mean that they deserved the unpleasant things that have happened to them, because they did something bad.
    1. At the end of the book the child's true identity is discovered, and the bad guys get their just deserts.
      在书的结尾,那个孩子的真实身份大白于世,坏人则得到了应有的惩罚。

#英英释义回顶部

 noun

  • arid land with little or no vegetation

     verb

    • leave someone who needs or counts on you
      1. The mother deserted her children
      Synonym: abandonforsakedesolate
    • leave behind
      1. the students deserted the campus after the end of exam period
    • desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army
      1. If soldiers deserted Hitler's army, they were shot
      Synonym: defect

    #双语例句回顶部

    • He also wants to use the water to irrigate barren desert land.
      他也想用这些水灌溉荒漠。
    • The vehicles have been modified to suit conditions in the desert.
      车辆已改装过以适应沙漠的环境。
    • They live in 12 high-rise apartment buildings that sit in a desert of concrete
      他们居住的地方是坐落于一片钢筋水泥丛林中的12栋高层公寓楼。
    • Pubs are a cultural desert.
      酒馆是文化沙漠。
    • Farmers are deserting their fields and coming here looking for jobs
      小农场主正舍弃他们的土地,到这里来寻找工作。
    • After the show, the audience deserts the Blackpool streets.
      演出结束后,观众从布莱克浦的大街上消失了踪迹。
    • Mrs Roding's husband deserted her years ago
      罗丁太太的丈夫数年前抛弃了她。
    • He has been deserted by most of his advisers.
      他的大多数顾问都弃他而去。
    • The paper's price rise will encourage readers to desert in even greater numbers
      报纸价格的上涨将导致更多的读者不再订阅。
    • He was pained to see many youngsters deserting kibbutz life
      看到那么多的年轻人放弃了合作农场的生活,他感到很痛心。
    • Spaniards are worried about German investors deserting Spain for Eastern Europe.
      西班牙人担心德国投资者放弃西班牙而转向东欧。
    • Even when he appeared to be depressed, a dry sense of humour never deserted him
      即使在他看上去很沮丧的时候,他也从没有丧失过自己的冷面幽默。
    • He was a second-lieutenant in the army until he deserted
      他在擅离部队之前是一名陆军少尉。
    • He deserted from army intelligence last month
      上个月他从陆军情报机关开小差跑了。
    • Young workers are more willing to desert jobs they don't like.
      年轻职工对不喜欢的工作更易擅自离职。
    • At the end of the book the child's true identity is discovered, and the bad guys get their just deserts.
      在书的结尾,那个孩子的真实身份大白于世,坏人则得到了应有的惩罚。
    • Hardy antelope wander in from the desert.
      适应力强的羚羊从沙漠游荡到了这里。
    • Those rockets landed in the desert.
      那些火箭降落在了沙漠里。
    • It is one of the rare places in the world where the desert meets the sea.
      世界上沙漠与大海相接的地方非常少见,这里就是一处。
    • He had prospected for minerals everywhere from the Gobi Desert to the Transvaal
      他已在从戈壁沙漠到德兰士瓦的无数地方勘探过矿藏。
    • All the cacti were in flower, so that the desert was a riot of colour
      所有的仙人掌都开花了,整个沙漠里五彩缤纷。
    • All round us was desert
      我们周围全是沙漠。
    • The terrain changed quickly from arable land to desert.
      那个地带很快就从耕地变成了沙漠。
    • Defoe skilfully narrated the adventures of Robinson Crusoe on his desert island.
      笛福生动地叙述了鲁滨逊·克鲁索在荒岛上的冒险故事。
    • It's too bad of you to desert her in trouble.
      你在她困难的时候抛弃她,真是太差劲了。
    • The climate is very dry in the desert area.
      沙漠地区气候很干燥。
    • We traverse the desert by truck.
      我们乘卡车横穿沙漠。
    • Canals have been built to take water to the desert.
      开掘渠道把水引进沙漠。
    • They lost their way in the desert and died of thirst.
      他们在沙漠中迷路而渴死了。