desolate

英 [ˈdesələt , ˈdesəleɪt]

美 [ˈdesələt , ˈdesəleɪt]

adj.  无人居住的; 荒无人烟的; 荒凉的; 孤独凄凉的; 不幸的; 忧伤的
v.  使感到悲惨; 使感到凄凉; 使悲伤绝望

现在分词:desolating 过去式:desolated 第三人称单数:desolates 过去分词:desolated 

CET6考研TOEFLIELTSGRETEM8

Collins.1 / BNC.11752 / COCA.12016

#同义词辨析回顶部

lone alone desolate lonely lonesome solitary【导航词义:孤独的,独自的】

lone adj. 孤零零的,独自的
〔辨析〕
可用于修饰人或事物,只作定语。
〔例证〕
a lone flight
单独飞行
He lives a lone life in the country.
他孤身一人在乡下生活。
A lone gull flew across the sky.
一只孤单的海鸥从天空飞过。
alone adj. 单独的,孤苦的,孤独的
〔辨析〕
指独自一人的,或因没有亲友相伴而孤单寂寞的,只作表语。
〔例证〕
She was alone in the classroom.
她独自一人在教室里。
He feels lonely when he is alone.
他一个人的时候,就感到孤独。
He felt all alone in the world.
他感到自己在这个世界上无依无靠。
desolate adj. 孤单凄凉的;荒凉的
〔辨析〕
语义强烈,指某人极度孤独悲伤的;也指某地因无人居住而荒凉的。
〔例证〕
I felt so desolate and so angry.
我感到无比悲愤。
It was sparsely wooded and desolate.
这里树木稀少,荒无人烟。
lonely adj. 孤独的,寂寞的;荒凉的
〔辨析〕
指感到寂寞的或在孤单中度过的;也指地方人迹罕至的,只作定语。
〔例证〕
The lonely child longs for the caress of his mother.
这个孤独的孩子渴望母亲的爱抚。
He has so few friends that his life is very lonely.
他的朋友很少,因此生活很孤单。
We found a lonely road.
我们发现了一条偏僻的道路。
lonesome adj. 〈美〉孤寂的;荒凉的
〔辨析〕
与 lonely 基本同义,常可换用。
〔例证〕
She felt lonesome/lonely without children.
没有孩子,她一个人感到很寂寞。
It is a lonesome/lonely spot near the canyon.
那是靠近峡谷的一个人烟稀少的地方。
solitary adj. 独自的,孤单的;喜欢独处的
〔辨析〕
指单独做某事的或无其他人、事物等相伴的;形容人、动物等时可指生性孤僻的,通常作定语。
〔例证〕
She led a solitary life.
她过着独居生活。
Pandas are solitary creatures.
熊猫是喜欢独处的动物。

#牛津词典回顶部

 adj.

  • 无人居住的;荒无人烟的;荒凉的
    empty and without people, making you feel sad or frightened
    1. a bleak and desolate landscape
      一片荒凉的景色
  • 孤独凄凉的;不幸的;忧伤的
    very lonely and unhappy

     verb

    • 使感到悲惨;使感到凄凉;使悲伤绝望
      to make sb feel sad and without hope
      1. She had been desolated by the death of her friend.
        朋友的去世使她感到十分悲伤。

    #柯林斯词典回顶部

      The adjective is pronounced /'desələt/. The verb is pronounced /'desəleɪt/. 形容词读作/'desələt/,动词读作 /'desəleɪt/。

    • ADJ-GRADED 荒凉的;荒芜的;荒废的;无人烟的
      A desolate place is empty of people and lacking in comfort.
      1. ...a desolate landscape of flat green fields broken by marsh...
        平坦绿野被沼泽割裂开的荒凉景色
      2. Half-ruined, hardly a building untouched, it's a desolate place.
        这里大半遭毁,几乎没有一栋建筑完好无损,变成了一块荒废之地。
    • ADJ-GRADED 凄凉的;孤寂的;孤独忧伤的
      If someone is desolate, they feel very sad, alone, and without hope.
      1. He was desolate without her.
        没有她,他感到孤独而凄凉。
    • VERB 使不悦;使痛苦;使悲惨
      If something desolates you, it upsets you and makes you very unhappy.
      1. Their inclination to wait and demand more resources desolated President Lincoln.
        他们总是等待并要求得到更多资财的倾向让林肯总统甚感不快。

    #英英释义回顶部

     verb

     adj

    • crushed by grief
      1. depressed and desolate of soul
      2. a low desolate wail
    • providing no shelter or sustenance
      1. bare rocky hills
      2. barren lands
      3. the bleak treeless regions of the high Andes
      4. the desolate surface of the moon
      5. a stark landscape
      Synonym: barebarrenbleakstark

    #双语例句回顶部

    • The planting of winter and spring-flowering bulbs will supply colourful decoration at a time when most gardens are looking fairly desolate.
      栽种冬春季节开花的鳞茎植物可以在大多数花园看上去还比较萧索的时候提供多彩的装点。
    • Half-ruined, hardly a building untouched, it's a desolate place.
      这里大半遭毁,几乎没有一栋建筑完好无损,变成了一块荒废之地。
    • He was desolate without her.
      没有她,他感到孤独而凄凉。
    • Their inclination to wait and demand more resources desolated President Lincoln.
      他们总是等待并要求得到更多资财的倾向让林肯总统甚感不快。
    • Numerous factories have sprung up in this once desolate erea.
      过去这一带满目苍凉,现在却有了无数的工厂。
    • He looked at them with a smile both acrid and desolate.
      他带着辛辣、凄凉的微笑看着他们。
    • The leafless forest looked desolate.
      落了叶子的树林子空落落的。
    • To carry on the work would involve living in desolate lands.
      要进行这项工作,他们就必须居住在荒天野地里。
    • He has been desolate since his wife died.
      自从妻子去世后,他一直很孤独。
    • The island was overgrown with weeds and looked extremely desolate.
      岛上杂草丛生,异常索寞。
    • Surf booms upon a desolate shore.
      激浪轰隆隆地拍打着荒凉的海岸。
    • The whole town is desolate.
      全城都凄凄惨惨。
    • With kings and counsellors of the earth, which built desolate places for themselves;
      和地上为自己重造荒邱的君王,谋士。
    • They changed the desolate hand into a prosperous town.
      他们把这个不毛之地变成了一个繁荣的小镇。
    • Danger awaits you on this the desolate beauty, and perhaps Martians too.
      危险在这种美丽荒凉中等待着你,也许还有火星人。
    • And I will make this city desolate, and an hissing;
      我要使这城变为荒凉,成为被人嗤笑的对象;
    • Cycling on the desert oil highway was a desolate and strange mystery and unknown to me;
      我踏上了沙漠石油公路,这是一个荒凉怪诞的未知;
    • You gave me heaven, is a desolate.
      你给我的天堂,其实是一片荒凉。
    • It's a bleak and desolate part of the country.
      这儿是这座城市中荒凉而了无人烟的地方。
    • Air quite desolate and chapfallen.
      空气相当荒凉和沮丧。
    • She recognized the country more precisely, the desolate marsh and the sea.
      她对乡村景色的辩认更细致入微了,她看见了那片荒凉的沼泽地和海。
    • This is how they made the pleasant land desolate.
      因为他们使美好之地荒凉了。
    • You forsook him when his sight was failing, you made his life very desolate.
      他双目失明的时候,你抛弃了他;你使他的生活变得十分孤寂。
    • He abandoned his desolate home and set out on a long journey.
      他抛弃了荒芜的家园,出远门去了。
    • Land that is desolate, barren, or ravaged.
      荒原荒凉、贫瘠或遭到毁坏之土地。
    • I don know, but I know one personal our, state of mind now, be so desolate.
      我不知道,但我知道一个人的我,此时的心境,是那么的悲凉。
    • I hate February* it is the most desolate time of a year.
      我讨厌二月,这是一年中最凄凉的季节。
    • This is what I now feel most desolate of a Chinese New Year.
      这是我到目前为止感觉最冷清的一个春节。
    • You, O exquisite one, Have entered into my desolate city.
      你,美丽高雅的人啊,走进了我荒凉孤寂的城。
    • This place is so cold and desolate.
      这个地方是如此寒冷和荒凉。