drop

英 [drɒp]

美 [drɑːp]

v.  (意外地)落下,掉下,使落下; (故意)降下,使降落; 累倒; 累垮
n.  滴; 水珠; 少量; 微量; 一点点; 下降; 下跌; 减少

过去式:dropped 过去分词:dropped 现在分词:dropping 复数:drops 第三人称单数:drops 

中考高考CET4CET6考研IELTS计算机

Oxford 3000 / Collins.4 / BNC.925 / COCA.690

#同义词辨析回顶部

cancel abandon drop【导航词义:取消,放弃】

cancel v. 取消
〔辨析〕
指取消已安排或决定好的计划等。
〔例证〕
The flight to New York was cancelled.
飞往纽约的班机取消了。
The project to build the dam was cancelled.
建大坝的项目取消了。
abandon v. 放弃,中止
〔辨析〕
指因困难太多、无法继续下去而放弃做某事。
〔例证〕
He had abandoned all hopes.
他已经放弃了一切希望。
They abandoned the project due to lack of funds.
由于缺乏资金,他们中止了这项工程。
drop v. 停止,放弃
〔辨析〕
强调不再继续下去。
〔例证〕
They dropped their talk.
他们停止了谈话。
Drop everything and come here immediately.
放下所有的事情立即到这里来。

#短语动词回顶部

drop by
1. 顺道拜访;造访  

drop in
1. 顺道拜访;突然拜访  

drop off
1. 中途放下(某人);中途卸下(某物)  2. 打瞌睡;睡着  3. 减退;减少  

drop out
1. 退学;退出(比赛等)  2. 拒绝接受传统规范;离经叛道;摈弃社会习俗  

#短语用例回顶部

drop away

  • 减弱;减少
    to become weaker or less

    drop back/behind

    drop behind sb

    • 后退;落后;落在…后面
      to move or fall into position behind sb else
      1. I feel ready to drop .
        我感到快累垮了。
      2. She expects everyone to work till they drop.
        她巴不得人人都干到累垮为止。

    drop by/in/round

    drop in on sb

    drop into sth

    • 顺便访问;顺便进入
      to pay an informal visit to a person or a place
      1. Her eyes dropped to her lap.
        她双目低垂,看着自己的腿。

    drop off

    • 打盹儿;小睡
      to fall into a light sleep
      1. In front of them the valley dropped sharply away from the road.
        他们前面的山谷从路旁急剧倾斜而下。
    • 减少;下降
      to become fewer or less

      drop out (of sth)

      • 不再参加;退出;脱离
        to no longer take part in or be part of sth
        1. Drop me a line when you get there.
          你到那儿后给我写封信。
      • 退学;辍学
        to leave school, college, etc. without finishing your studies
        1. 拒绝传统社会
          to reject the ideas and ways of behaving that are accepted by the rest of society
          1. She's been dropped from the team because of injury.
            她因受伤而未被列入队员名单。
          2. He spoke with a cockney accent and dropped his aitches (= did not pronounce the letter ‘h’ at the start of words) .
            他讲话带着伦敦东区的口音,把词首的h音给吞掉了。

        #习惯用语回顶部

         v.

          drop the ball
        • 犯错;处理失当
          to make a mistake and spoil sth that you are responsible for
        • drop a brick/clanger
        • 失言伤人;出言不慎
          to say sth that offends or embarrasses sb, although you did not intend to
        • drop dead
        • 暴死;突然死去;猝死
          to die suddenly and unexpectedly
        • 别烦人;别打扰;别捣乱
          used to tell sb, rudely, to stop annoying you, interfering , etc.
        • drop sb in it
        • (尤指因泄露秘密)使尴尬,使狼狈不堪
          to put sb in an embarrassing situation, especially by telling a secret that you should not have told
        • drop names
        • 提及自己认识或见过的名人以抬高身价
          to mention famous people you know or have met in order to impress others
        • drop your bundle
        • 突然发蒙;失态
          to suddenly not be able to think clearly; to act in a stupid way because you have lost control over yourself
        • let sb/sth drop
        • 不再提起;放弃
          to do or say nothing more about sb/sth
        • I suggest we let the matter drop.
          我建议咱们别再提及此事。
        • (好像是)无意中说出
          to mention sb/sth in a conversation, by accident or as if by accident
        • He let it drop that the Prime Minister was a close friend of his.
          他有意无意地提起首相是他的密友。
        • the bottom drops/falls out (of sth)
        • (某行业)产品滞销;暴跌
          people stop buying or using the products of a particular industry
        • The bottom has fallen out of the travel market.
          旅游市场出现了萧条局面。
        • die/fall/drop like flies
        • 大批死亡;大批倒下
          to die or fall down in very large numbers
        • People were dropping like flies in the intense heat.
          酷暑中人们成批死去。
        • you could hear a pin drop
        • 鸦雀无声;万籁俱寂
          it was extremely quiet
        • The audience was so quiet you could have heard a pin drop.
          观众安静得连针落地的声音也听得见。
        • sb's jaw dropped/fell/sagged
        • (突然吃惊或失望得)张口结舌,目瞪口呆,垂头丧气
          used to say that sb suddenly looked surprised, shocked or disappointed
        • drop/dump sth in sb's lap
        • 把(某事)推给他人负责
          to make sth the responsibility of another person
        • They dropped the problem firmly back in my lap.
          他们把问题断然给我推了回来。
        • the penny drops
        • 恍然大悟;终于明白;茅塞顿开
          used to say that sb has finally understood or realized sth that they had not understood or realized before

         n.

          at the drop of a hat
        • 立即;毫不迟疑
          immediately; without hesitating
        • The company can't expect me to move my home and family at the drop of a hat.
          公司不可能指望我立即搬家。
        • a drop in the ocean
        • 沧海一粟;九牛一毛
          an amount of sth that is too small or unimportant to make any real difference to a situation

        #牛津词典回顶部

         verb

          落下 fall
        • (意外地)落下,掉下,使落下
          to fall or allow sth to fall by accident
          1. The climber slipped and dropped to his death.
            攀登者一失足掉下去摔死了。
          2. Be careful not to drop that plate.
            小心别把盘子摔了。
        • (故意)降下,使降落,使落下
          to fall or make sth fall deliberately
          1. He staggered in and dropped into a chair.
            他蹒跚着走进来,一屁股坐在椅子上。
          2. Medical supplies are being dropped into the stricken area.
            正在向灾区空投医药用品。
          3. He dropped his trousers (= undid them and let them fall) .
            他松开腰带,裤子掉下去。
          4. He dropped his pants.
            他松开腰带,裤子掉下去。
        • 累倒;累垮
          to fall down or be no longer able to stand because you are extremely tired
          1. I feel ready to drop .
            我感到快累垮了。
          2. She expects everyone to work till they drop.
            她巴不得人人都干到累垮为止。
        • 变弱;减少 become weaker/less
        • (使)变弱,降低,减少
          to become or make sth weaker, lower or less
          1. The temperature has dropped considerably.
            温度已大大降低。
          2. At last the wind dropped.
            风势终于减弱了。
          3. His voice dropped to a whisper.
            他的声音已放低到轻声细语了。
          4. The Dutch team have dropped to fifth place.
            荷兰队已降至第五名。
          5. The price of shares dropped by 14p.
            股价下跌了14便士。
          6. Shares dropped in price by 14p.
            股价下跌了14便士。
          7. She dropped her voice dramatically.
            她突然压低了声音。
          8. You must drop your speed in built-up areas.
            在房屋密集区必须放慢速度。
        • 眼睛 eyes
        • 垂下(眼睛);垂视
          to look down
          1. Her eyes dropped to her lap.
            她双目低垂,看着自己的腿。
        • 向下倾斜 slope downwards
        • 急剧倾斜而下
          to slope steeply downwards
          1. In front of them the valley dropped sharply away from the road.
            他们前面的山谷从路旁急剧倾斜而下。
        • 运送;发送 deliver/send
        • 中途卸客;中途卸货
          to stop so that sb can get out of a car, etc.; to deliver sth on the way to somewhere else
          1. Can you drop me near the bank?
            你可以让我在银行附近下车吗?
          2. You left your jacket, but I can drop it off on my way to work tomorrow.
            你忘了拿你的短上衣,不过我可以在明天上班的路上顺便捎给你。
        • (给某人)寄,送,写(信)
          to send a short letter to sb
          1. Drop me a line when you get there.
            你到那儿后给我写封信。
        • 略去 leave out
        • 遗漏;省略;不予考虑
          to leave sb/sth out by accident or deliberately
          1. She's been dropped from the team because of injury.
            她因受伤而未被列入队员名单。
          2. He spoke with a cockney accent and dropped his aitches (= did not pronounce the letter ‘h’ at the start of words) .
            他讲话带着伦敦东区的口音,把词首的h音给吞掉了。
        • 朋友 friends
        • 不再与(某人)往来;同(某人)断绝联系
          to stop seeing sb socially
          1. She's dropped most of her old friends.
            她已与多数老朋友停止了来往。
        • 停止 stop
        • 停止;终止;放弃
          to stop doing or discussing sth; to not continue with sth
          1. I dropped German (= stopped studying it) when I was 14.
            我14岁后就没再学德语。
          2. Drop everything and come at once!
            放下所有事情赶快来吧!
          3. Look, can we just drop it (= stop talking about it) ?
            喂,这事儿能不能就谈到这儿?
          4. I think we'd better drop the subject .
            我认为我们最好不要再谈这个话题。
          5. Let's drop the formalities─please call me Mike.
            咱们免去俗套——叫我迈克好了。
          6. The police decided to drop the charges against her.
            警方决定撤回对她的指控。
        • 暗示 hint
        • 暗示;透露
          to say or do sth in order to show sb, in an indirect way, what you are thinking
          1. 编织 in knitting
          2. 漏,脱,掉(针)
            to let a stitch go off the needle

             noun

              液体 of liquid
            • 滴;水珠
              a very small amount of liquid that forms a round shape
              1. drops of rain
                雨滴
              2. a drop of blood
                一滴血
            • 少量;微量;一点点
              a small quantity of a liquid
              1. Could I have a drop more milk in my coffee, please?
                给我在咖啡里多加点牛奶好吗?
              2. I haven't touched a drop (= drunk any alcohol) all evening.
                整个晚上我滴酒未沾。
            • 下降 fall
            • 下降;下跌;减少
              a fall or reduction in the amount, level or number of sth
              1. a drop in prices/temperature, etc.
                价格、温度等下降
              2. a dramatic/sharp drop in profits
                利润大幅度 / 急剧下降
              3. a five per cent drop
                下跌百分之五
            • 距离 distance
            • 下落的距离;落差
              a distance down from a high point to a lower point
              1. There was a sheer drop of fifty metres to the rocks below.
                距下面的岩石有五十米的垂直距离。
              2. a twenty-foot drop
                二十英尺的落差
            • 药 medicine
            • 滴剂
              a liquid medicine that you put one drop at a time into your eyes, ears or nose
              1. eye drops
                眼药水
            • 运送 delivering
            • 运送;空投
              the act of delivering sb/sth in a vehicle or by plane; the act of dropping sth
              1. Aid agencies are organizing food drops to civilians in the war zone.
                援助机构正组织力量向战区平民运送食品。
              2. a parachute drop
                降落伞空投
            • 糖果 sweet/candy
            • 球状糖果
              a small round sweet/candy of the type mentioned
              1. fruit drops
                水果糖
              2. cough drops (= sweets/candy to help a cough)
                止咳糖

            #柯林斯词典回顶部

            • V-ERG (使)降低;(使)下降;(使)减少
              If a level or amount drops or if someone or something drops it, it quickly becomes less.
              1. Temperatures can drop to freezing at night...
                夜间温度可能会降到零度以下。
              2. Once the rate rises it never drops back to its previous level...
                一旦价格上去了就再也不会降到以前的水平了。
              3. His blood pressure had dropped severely...
                他的血压下降得很严重。
              4. He had dropped the price of his London home by £1.25m.
                他已将他在伦敦的房子价格降了125万英镑。
              5. Drop is also a noun.
              6. He was prepared to take a drop in wages...
                他已做好心理准备接受降薪。
              7. The poll indicates a drop in support for the Conservatives.
                民意测验表明保守党支持率有所下降。
            • VERB (意外地)使掉下,使落下
              If you drop something, you accidentally let it fall.
              1. I dropped my glasses and broke them.
                我不小心把眼镜掉下来摔碎了。
            • VERB 掉到…上;从…上掉落
              If something drops onto something else, it falls onto that thing. If something drops from somewhere, it falls from that place.
              1. He felt hot tears dropping onto his fingers...
                他感觉到热泪掉到他的手指上。
              2. Burning embers started dropping from the ceiling...
                余火未尽的木块开始从天花板上往下掉。
              3. His toupee dropped off, revealing his bald head.
                他的假发掉了,露出了光头。
            • V-ERG 投下;丢下;扔下;掉下
              If you drop something somewhere or if it drops there, you deliberately let it fall there.
              1. Drop the noodles into the water...
                将面条下到水里。
              2. He dropped his plate into the sink.
                他把盘子丢到水槽里。
              3. ...shaped pots that simply drop into their own container...
                可轻松放入配套的盒子里、有特制外形的锅具
              4. Bombs drop round us and the floor shudders.
                炸弹落在我们周围,地板在颤抖。
            • V-ERG (疲惫地)垂下,低垂,垂落
              If a person or a part of their body drops to a lower position, or if they drop a part of their body to a lower position, they move to that position, often in a tired and lifeless way.
              1. Nancy dropped into a nearby chair...
                南希疲惫地瘫坐到近处的椅子上。
              2. She let her head drop...
                她低垂着头。
              3. He dropped his hands on to his knees.
                他将双手垂放在腿上。
            • VERB 累倒;累垮
              To drop is used in expressions such as to be about to drop and to dance until you drop to emphasize that you are exhausted and can no longer continue doing something.
              1. She looked about to drop...
                她看上去快要累垮了。
              2. You have to run until you drop.
                一直跑到你跑不动为止。
            • VERB (开玩笑或不雅地)脱掉(裤子)
              If a man drops his trousers, he pulls them down, usually as a joke or to be rude.
              1. A couple of boozy revellers dropped their trousers.
                两名醉酒的狂欢者脱掉了他们的裤子。
            • V-ERG (使)(声音)降低,压低
              If your voice drops or if you drop your voice, you speak more quietly.
              1. Her voice will drop to a dismissive whisper...
                她会把声音压低,轻蔑地低语。
              2. He dropped his voice and glanced round at the door.
                他放低了声音,在门口环视了一下。
            • VERB 中途放下(某人);中途卸下(某物)
              If you drop someone or something somewhere, you take them somewhere and leave them there, usually in a car or other vehicle.
              1. He dropped me outside the hotel...
                他把我送到了酒店。
              2. Many children had been dropped at the stadium by their parents...
                很多孩子被家长送到了体育馆。
              3. Tim had dropped the letter in earlier.
                蒂姆早些时候把信送来了。
              4. Drop off means the same as drop.
              5. Just drop me off at the airport...
                就让我在机场下好了。
              6. He was dropping off a late birthday present.
                他正在送一份迟到的生日礼物。
            • VERB 停止;终止;放弃
              If you drop an idea, course of action, or habit, you do not continue with it.
              1. He was told to drop the idea...
                他被告知要打消那个主意。
              2. The prosecution was forced to drop the case...
                控方被迫撤诉。
              3. Many nations still had not dropped sanctions against South Africa.
                很多国家还没有终止对南非的制裁。
            • VERB (运动队或组织)把…除名
              If someone is dropped by a sports team or organization, they are no longer included in that team or employed by that organization.
              1. The country's captain was dropped from the tour party to England.
                该国的国家队队长无缘英格兰之行。
            • VERB 输掉
              If you drop a game or part of a game in a sports competition, you lose it.
              1. Oremans has yet to drop a set.
                奥尔曼斯还一局未输。
            • VERB (在比赛中)排位退后
              If you drop to a lower position in a sports competition, you move to that position.
              1. Britain has dropped from second to third place in the league.
                英国在联赛中的排名从第二位降到了第三位。
            • N-COUNT 滴;少量;微量;一点点
              A drop of a liquid is a very small amount of it shaped like a little ball. In informal English, you can also use drop when you are referring to a very small amount of something such as a drink.
              1. ...a drop of blue ink...
                一滴蓝墨水
              2. Add the cream a few drops at a time...
                每次加几滴奶油。
              3. I'll have another drop of that Italian milk.
                我还要喝点那种意大利牛奶。
            • N-PLURAL 滴剂
              Drops are a kind of medicine which you put drop by drop into your ears, eyes, or nose.
              1. ...eye drops.
                眼药水
            • (水果味或巧克力味的)糖豆,糖果粒
              Fruit or chocolate drops are small round sweets with a fruit or chocolate flavour.
              1. N-COUNT 落差;垂直距离;下降距离
                You use drop to talk about vertical distances. For example, a thirty-foot drop is a distance of thirty feet between the top of a cliff or wall and the bottom of it.
                1. There was a sheer drop just outside my window...
                  我的窗外就是垂直深渊。
                2. It's only a four-foot drop.
                  仅有 4 英尺的落差。
              2. Do not confuse drop and fall. Although things can drop or fall by accident, note that fall is not followed by an object, so you cannot say that someone 'falls' something. However, you can say that they drop something, or that something drops. Leaves were falling to the ground... He dropped his cigar... Plate after plate dropped from his fingers. You say that a person drops when they jump straight down from something, for example, when someone jumps from a plane using a parachute. If someone falls it is usually because of an accident. He stumbled and fell. Drop and fall are also nouns. A drop is the height of something when you imagine falling off it. Sixteen hundred feet is a considerable drop. A fall is what happens when someone has an accident. I had been badly bruised by the fall.
                不要混淆 drop 和 fall。二者均可指东西无意中掉落, 但是fall 不可接宾语,所以不可说someone falls something,却可说they drop something或者somehting drops。如,Leaves were falling to the ground(树叶落到了地上),He dropped his cigar(他扔掉了雪茄),Plate after plate dropped from his fingers(盘子一个接一个地从他指间掉落)。drop 还可指人从某物上跳下, 例如从飞机上跳伞。fall 指人时, 通常指人意外摔倒。如,He stumbled and fell(他绊了一下, 摔倒了)。drop 和 fall 均可用作名词。drop 作名词可指某人想象中物体降落的高度:Sixteen hundred feet is a considerable drop(1, 600 英尺是非常高的垂直距离了)。fall 指意外的跌落:I had been badly bruised by the fall(我摔得鼻青脸肿)。

              3. PHRASE 随口说出;给出暗示
                If you drop a hint, you give a hint or say something in a casual way.
                1. If I drop a few hints he might give me a cutting.
                  如果我给点暗示,他没准会送我一段插枝。
              4. PHRASE (常指因不喜欢而让别人)终止谈论,不要谈论,谈到此为止
                If you want someone to drop the subject ,drop it, or let it drop, you want them to stop talking about something, often because you are annoyed that they keep talking about it.
                1. Mary Ann wished he would just drop it...
                  玛丽·安希望他就不要谈论它了。
                2. Does that mean you're going to drop the subject?
                  那是不是意味着你将不再谈论那个话题了?
              5. See also: air drop

              #双语例句回顶部

              • Temperatures can drop to freezing at night
                夜间温度可能会降到零度以下。
              • Once the rate rises it never drops back to its previous level
                一旦价格上去了就再也不会降到以前的水平了。
              • His blood pressure had dropped severely
                他的血压下降得很严重。
              • I dropped my glasses and broke them.
                我不小心把眼镜掉下来摔碎了。
              • He felt hot tears dropping onto his fingers
                他感觉到热泪掉到他的手指上。
              • Burning embers started dropping from the ceiling
                余火未尽的木块开始从天花板上往下掉。
              • His toupee dropped off, revealing his bald head.
                他的假发掉了,露出了光头。
              • Drop the noodles into the water
                将面条下到水里。
              • He dropped his plate into the sink.
                他把盘子丢到水槽里。
              • Bombs drop round us and the floor shudders.
                炸弹落在我们周围,地板在颤抖。
              • Nancy dropped into a nearby chair
                南希疲惫地瘫坐到近处的椅子上。
              • She let her head drop
                她低垂着头。
              • He dropped his hands on to his knees.
                他将双手垂放在腿上。
              • She looked about to drop
                她看上去快要累垮了。
              • You have to run until you drop.
                一直跑到你跑不动为止。
              • A couple of boozy revellers dropped their trousers.
                两名醉酒的狂欢者脱掉了他们的裤子。
              • Her voice will drop to a dismissive whisper
                她会把声音压低,轻蔑地低语。
              • He dropped his voice and glanced round at the door.
                他放低了声音,在门口环视了一下。
              • He dropped me outside the hotel
                他把我送到了酒店。
              • Many children had been dropped at the stadium by their parents
                很多孩子被家长送到了体育馆。
              • Tim had dropped the letter in earlier.
                蒂姆早些时候把信送来了。
              • He was told to drop the idea
                他被告知要打消那个主意。
              • The country's captain was dropped from the tour party to England.
                该国的国家队队长无缘英格兰之行。
              • Oremans has yet to drop a set.
                奥尔曼斯还一局未输。
              • Britain has dropped from second to third place in the league.
                英国在联赛中的排名从第二位降到了第三位。
              • Add the cream a few drops at a time
                每次加几滴奶油。
              • There was a sheer drop just outside my window
                我的窗外就是垂直深渊。
              • If I drop a few hints he might give me a cutting.
                如果我给点暗示,他没准会送我一段插枝。
              • Mary Ann wished he would just drop it
                玛丽·安希望他就不要谈论它了。