give up

英 [ɡɪv ʌp]

美 [ɡɪv ʌp]

放弃; 戒除; 认输; 辞去(工作); 让出; 自首; 投案

法律

#同义词辨析回顶部

abandon abdicate desert give up quit renounce waive【导航词义:抛弃,放弃】

abandon v. 放弃,遗弃
〔辨析〕
强调永远并完全放弃,不论自愿与否,也可能是为了逃避责任。
〔例证〕
He abandoned his wife and took all their money.
他抛弃了妻子,拿走了他们所有的钱财。
The captain ordered everyone to abandon the burning ship.
船长向所有人下令放弃正在燃烧的船只。
abdicate v. 让位,退位
〔辨析〕
常指国王等放弃王位。
〔例证〕
The Queen has no intention of abdicating her throne.
女王不打算让位。
King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936.
英王爱德华八世于1936年退位。
desert v. 抛弃,放弃
〔辨析〕
多指放弃从前的职业、伙伴、伴侣及监护人资格等,有时带有内疚感。
〔例证〕
He deserted his wife and married a Japanese girl.
他抛弃妻子后,和一位日本姑娘结婚了。
The mother deserted the baby boy soon after giving birth.
那位母亲生下男婴后不久就把他遗弃了。
give up phr. 取消;放弃
〔辨析〕
普通用语,强调终止做某事,通常用来表示放弃某个计划、设计、工作、职位等。
〔例证〕
He has given up his decision to visit New York.
他取消了访问纽约的决定。
I'll give up the job.
我要辞去这份工作。
quit v. 〈尤美〉终止;戒除
〔辨析〕
常指停止做于己不利或伤害他人的事。
〔例证〕
He wants to quit smoking.
他想戒烟。
If I don't get a pay rise, I'll quit.
如果不给我加薪,我就不干了。
renounce v. 放弃
〔辨析〕
表示正式声明放弃职位、官衔、权力等。
〔例证〕
He renounced his citizenship.
他正式声明放弃公民权利。
She renounced her religion.
她宣布放弃自己的宗教信仰。
waive v. 放弃;取消
〔辨析〕
表示正式宣布放弃权利、要求,或宣布取消规则、规定等。
〔例证〕
He had to waive his right to vote in Parliament.
他只好放弃在议会的投票权。
The local government refused to waive its rules.
地方政府拒绝取缔其规定。

#柯林斯词典回顶部

  • PHRASAL VERB 放弃;戒除
    If you give up something, you stop doing it or having it.
    1. Coastguards had given up all hope of finding the two divers alive.
      海岸警卫队对两位潜水员生还已完全不抱希望。
    2. ...smokers who give up before 30.
      30岁以前戒烟的人
  • PHRASAL VERB 投降;认输;放弃
    If you give up, you decide that you cannot do something and stop trying to do it.
    1. After a fruitless morning sitting at his desk he had given up.
      他在书桌前徒劳地坐了一上午之后便放弃了。
  • PHRASAL VERB 辞去(工作)
    If you give up your job, you resign from it.
    1. She gave up her job to join her husband's campaign...
      她辞去工作,加入到丈夫的宣传活动中。
    2. He is thinking of giving up teaching.
      他在考虑辞去教书的工作。
  • PHRASAL VERB 把…让给
    If you give up something that you have or that you are entitled to, you allow someone else to have it.
    1. Georgia refuses to give up any territory...
      格鲁吉亚拒绝出让任何领土。
    2. One of the men with him gave up his place on the bench.
      他的一个同伴将长椅上的位子让了出来。
  • PHRASAL VERB 自首;投案
    If you give yourself up, you let the police or other people know where you are, after you have been hiding from them.
    1. A 28-year-old man later gave himself up and will appear in court today.
      后来一位28岁的男子向警方自首了,他将于今天出庭。

#英英释义回顶部

 verb

  • stop maintaining or insisting on
    1. He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage
    2. Both sides have to give up some claims in these negotiations
    Synonym: abandon
  • give up in the face of defeat of lacking hope
    1. In the second round, the challenger gave up
    Synonym: drop outfall by the waysidedrop by the waysidethrow inthrow in the towelquitchuck up the sponge
  • give up or agree to forgo to the power or possession of another
    1. The last Taleban fighters finally surrendered
    Synonym: surrender
  • stop consuming
    1. kick a habit
    2. give up alcohol
    Synonym: kick
  • give up with the intent of never claiming again
    1. Abandon your life to God
    2. She gave up her children to her ex-husband when she moved to Tahiti
    3. We gave the drowning victim up for dead
    Synonym: abandon
  • relinquish possession or control over
    1. The squatters had to surrender the building after the police moved in
    Synonym: surrendercededeliver
  • lose (s.th.) or lose the right to (s.th.) by some error, offense, or crime
    1. you've forfeited your right to name your successor
    2. forfeited property
    Synonym: forfeitthrow overboardwaiveforgoforego
  • part with a possession or right
    1. I am relinquishing my bedroom to the long-term house guest
    2. resign a claim to the throne
    Synonym: releaserelinquishresignfree
  • give up what is not strictly needed
    1. he asked if they could spare one of their horses to speed his journey
    Synonym: sparepart withdispense with
  • leave (a job, post, or position) voluntarily
    1. She vacated the position when she got pregnant
    2. The chairman resigned when he was found to have misappropriated funds
    Synonym: vacateresignrenounce
  • allow the other (baseball) team to score
    1. give up a run
    Synonym: allow
  • put an end to a state or an activity
    1. Quit teasing your little brother
    Synonym: discontinuestopceasequitlay off

#双语例句回顶部

  • The time has arrived when I need to give up smoking.
    我戒烟的时机已到。
  • He had a bad accident two years ago and had to give up farming
    他两年前遇到严重的车祸,不得不放弃务农。
  • Did he give up? Not a bit of it!
    他放弃了吗?根本没有!
  • This is but one of the methods used to try and get alcoholics to give up drink.
    这只是为让那些酗酒者戒酒所尝试的方法之一。
  • They'll have to give up completely on certain of their studies.
    他们将不得不彻底放弃某些研究。
  • Women, he says, should give up alcohol before they plan to conceive
    他说女性在计划怀孕之前应该戒酒。
  • It's a kind way of telling aspiring novelists, 'Don't give up the day job'.
    这是劝诫立志成为小说家者“不要丢了正业”的一种温和方式。
  • When things aren't going well, he encourages me, telling me not to give up.
    事情进展不顺的时候,他鼓励我说不要放弃。
  • I've been trying to give up smoking for getting on for two years now
    到现在,我设法戒烟已快两年了。
  • Coastguards had given up all hope of finding the two divers alive.
    海岸警卫队对两位潜水员生还已完全不抱希望。
  • After a fruitless morning sitting at his desk he had given up.
    他在书桌前徒劳地坐了一上午之后便放弃了。
  • She gave up her job to join her husband's campaign
    她辞去工作,加入到丈夫的宣传活动中。
  • He is thinking of giving up teaching.
    他在考虑辞去教书的工作。
  • Georgia refuses to give up any territory
    格鲁吉亚拒绝出让任何领土。
  • One of the men with him gave up his place on the bench.
    他的一个同伴将长椅上的位子让了出来。
  • A 28-year-old man later gave himself up and will appear in court today.
    后来一位28岁的男子向警方自首了,他将于今天出庭。
  • He urged them not to give up on peace efforts
    他力劝他们不要放弃对和平的努力。
  • Once they get an idea into their heads, they never give up.
    一旦接受了一个想法,他们就永远不会放弃。
  • I am managing, but I could not possibly give up work
    我正在努力应付,但我不可能放弃工作。
  • If she had had to give up riding she might have taken up sailing competitively
    如果她当时不得不放弃骑自行车的话,她或许就从事她很有优势的帆船运动了。
  • He is obstinate and determined and will not give up
    他非常顽固,而且又铁了心,是不会放弃的。
  • I know people who find it practically impossible to give up smoking.
    我认识一些人,他们觉得戒烟几乎是不可能的。
  • Don't just immediately give up but think about ways round a problem
    不要马上放弃,应该想想解决问题的办法。
  • The student may show signs of feeling the strain of responsibility and she may give up
    学生可能会表现出对责任感到有压力,然后可能会放弃。
  • I would sooner give up sleep than miss my evening class
    我宁可不睡觉,也不愿错过晚上的课。
  • Hypnotherapy can be useful in helping you give up smoking
    催眠疗法可能有助于你戒烟。
  • We'll never give up until the goal is reached.
    不达目的决不罢休。
  • We must carry the experiment through to the end, not give up halfway.
    这项试验一定要搞到底,不能半途而废。
  • You must give up all thought of marrying him.
    你必须完全放弃与他结婚的念头。