race

英 [reɪs]

美 [reɪs]

n.  赛跑; 速度竞赛; 竞争; 角逐; 赛马会; 种族; 人种; 血统
v.  (和…)比赛; 参加比赛; 使比赛; 让…参加速度比赛; (使)快速移动,快速运转

复数:races 现在分词:racing 过去式:raced 过去分词:raced 第三人称单数:races 

中考高考CET4CET6考研TOEFLTEM4计算机

Oxford 3000 / Collins.5 / BNC.1107 / COCA.716

#同义词辨析回顶部

race nation nationality people【导航词义:种族,民族】

race n. 人种,种族
〔辨析〕
指根据肤色及其他外表特征划分的人群。
〔例证〕
It is often said that a person of mixed race is cleverer.
人们常说混血儿更聪明。
Students of all races can be found in this university.
各种族的学生在这所大学就读。
nation n. 民族,国民
〔辨析〕
指属于同一种族、使用同一种语言的人群;也指某一国的国民。
〔例证〕
Since the foundation of New China, the development of the Chinese nation has entered a new era.
自从新中国诞生,中华民族的发展就进入了一个新时代。
The entire nation was watching TV.
全国的人都在看电视。
nationality n. 民族
〔辨析〕
指具有相同的语言、文化和历史并构成国家某一部分的人群。
〔例证〕
a university for nationalities
民族大学
The school has pupils of 15 different nationalities.
该校有来自15个不同民族的学生。
people n. 民族,人民
〔辨析〕
指属于同一国家、地区、种族等的人群。
〔例证〕
He pledged that he would always put the interest of the American people first.
他保证始终把美国人民的利益放在第一位。
This tradition comes from a people of northwestern Spain.
这个传统来源于西班牙西北部的一个民族。
The policy was widely supported by the peoples of Europe.
该政策得到了欧洲各民族的广泛支持。

#习惯用语回顶部

 n.

    a race against time/the clock
  • 和时间赛跑;抢时间;争分夺秒
    a situation in which you have to do sth or finish sth very fast before it is too late
  • a one, two, three, etc. horse race
  • 只有一个(或两个、三个)队(或候选人)有获胜机会的比赛(或竞选)
    a competition or an election in which there are only one, two, etc. teams or candidates with a chance of winning

#牛津词典回顶部

 noun

    竞赛 competition
  • 赛跑;速度竞赛
    a competition between people, animals, vehicles, etc. to see which one is the faster or fastest
    1. a race between the two best runners of the club
      俱乐部中两名最佳选手的赛跑
    2. Who won the race ?
      谁赢了赛跑?
    3. He's already in training for the big race against Bailey.
      为了跟贝利一决雌雄,他已经着手训练了。
    4. Their horse came third in the race last year.
      他们的马在去年的比赛中获得了第三名。
    5. a boat/horse/road, etc. race
      划船比赛、赛马、公路赛等
    6. a five-kilometre race
      五公里赛跑
    7. Shall we have a race to the end of the beach?
      咱们比赛跑到海滩那一头,好吗?
  • 竞争;角逐
    a situation in which a number of people, groups, organizations, etc. are competing, especially for political power or to achieve sth first
    1. the race for the presidency
      总统竞选
    2. The race is on (= has begun) to find a cure for the disease.
      人们开始争相寻找这种疾病的疗法。
  • 马 for horses
  • 赛马会
    a series of horse races that happen at one place on a particular day
    1. to go to the races
      去参加赛马会
  • 人 people
  • 人种;种族
    one of the main groups that humans can be divided into according to their physical differences, for example the colour of their skin
    1. the Caucasian/Mongolian, etc. race
      白种人、蒙古人种等
    2. people of mixed race
      混合种族的人
    3. This custom is found in people of all races throughout the world.
      这一习俗在全世界各种族中都有。
    4. legislation against discrimination on the grounds of race or sex
      反对种族和性别歧视的立法
  • 民族
    a group of people who share the same language, history, culture, etc.
    1. the Nordic races
      北欧日耳曼民族
    2. He admired Canadians as a hardy and determined race.
      他敬佩加拿大人,因为他们是勇敢坚定的民族。
  • 动植物 animals/plants
  • 种;属;类;族
    a breed or type of animal or plant
    1. a race of cattle
      一种牛

 verb

    竞赛 compete
  • (和…)比赛;参加比赛
    to compete against sb/sth to see who can go faster or the fastest, do sth first, etc.; to take part in a race or races
    1. Who will he be racing against in the next round?
      下一轮他和谁比赛?
    2. They raced to a thrilling victory in the relay.
      他们在接力赛中取得了激动人心的胜利。
    3. She'll be racing for the senior team next year.
      明年她将参加高级组别的比赛。
    4. We raced each other back to the car.
      我们争先恐后地跑回汽车那儿。
    5. Television companies are racing to be the first to screen his life story.
      几家电视公司争着将他的生平抢先搬上荧屏。
  • 使比赛;让…参加速度比赛
    to make an animal or a vehicle compete in a race
    1. to race dogs/horses/pigeons
      赛狗 / 马 / 鸽子
    2. to race motorbikes
      赛摩托车
  • 快速运动 move fast
  • (使)快速移动,快速运转
    to move very fast; to move sb/sth very fast
    1. He raced up the stairs.
      他飞快地冲上楼去。
    2. The days seemed to race past.
      日子似乎很快就过去了。
    3. The injured man was raced to the hospital.
      受伤者被迅速送往医院。
    4. She raced her car through the narrow streets of the town.
      她开着车在小镇狭窄的街道上飞快地穿行。
  • 心;头脑;思想 of heart/mind/thoughts
  • (因为害怕、兴奋等)急速跳动,快速转动
    to function very quickly because you are afraid, excited, etc.
    1. My mind raced as I tried to work out what was happening.
      我拼命地转动脑筋,想要搞清楚发生了什么事儿。
    2. She took a deep breath to calm her racing pulse.
      她深深地吸了口气,想使急速跳动的脉搏平静下来。
  • 发动机 of engine
  • 运转过快;空转
    to run too fast
    1. The truck came to rest against a tree, its engine racing.
      卡车靠着一棵树停了下来,引擎空转着。

#柯林斯词典回顶部

  • N-COUNT (速度)比赛;竞赛
    A race is a competition to see who is the fastest, for example in running, swimming, or driving.
    1. The women's race was won by the American, Patti Sue Plumer.
      女子赛跑的冠军被美国人帕蒂·休·普卢默夺得。
  • VERB 参赛;与…比赛
    If you race, you take part in a race.
    1. In the 10 years I raced in Europe, 30 drivers were killed...
      在我10年的欧洲赛车生涯中,有30名车手丧生。
    2. They may even have raced each other — but not regularly.
      他们甚至可能曾经相互比试过,只不过不是经常性的。
  • N-PLURAL 赛马会
    The races are a series of horse races that are held in a particular place on a particular day. People go to watch and to bet on which horse will win.
    1. The high point of this trip was a day at the races.
      此行的高潮是去看赛马会的那一天。
  • See also: The race for the White House begins in earnest today... The race is on to build up membership fast. arms race rat race
  • See also: The College welcomes students of all races, faiths, and nationalities... Discrimination by employers on the grounds of race and nationality was illegal. human race race relations
  • VERB 赶奔;疾走
    If you race somewhere, you go there as quickly as possible.
    1. He raced across town to the State House building...
      他快速穿过市区赶往州议会大厦。
    2. The hares raced away out of sight.
      野兔飞奔而去,很快就看不见了。
  • VERB (向某种状态或位置)急速发展,快速移动
    If something races towards a particular state or position, it moves very fast towards that state or position.
    1. Do they realize we are racing towards complete economic collapse?...
      他们意识到我们的经济马上要彻底崩溃了吗?
    2. American economic growth raced ahead.
      美国的经济飞速增长。
  • VERB 使(动物或车辆)参赛
    If you race a vehicle or animal, you prepare it for races and make it take part in races.
    1. He still raced sports cars as often as he could.
      他仍然尽可能经常地参加赛车比赛。
  • VERB (尤指在面临困难或危险时大脑)飞速运转
    If your mind races, or if thoughts race through your mind, you think very fast about something, especially when you are in a difficult or dangerous situation.
    1. I made sure I sounded calm but my mind was racing...
      我确保自己听上去很镇定,但脑筋却飞快地转着。
    2. Already her mind was racing ahead to the hundred and one things she had to do...
      她的脑子已经急速地转动起来,思考自己必须做的那一大堆事。
    3. Bits and pieces of the past raced through her mind.
      往昔的点点滴滴涌上她的心头。
  • VERB (心脏因兴奋或害怕)快速搏动,剧烈跳动
    If your heart races, it beats very quickly because you are excited or afraid.
    1. Her heart raced uncontrollably.
      她控制不住地心跳加速。
  • See also: racing
  • PHRASE 与时间赛跑;争分夺秒
    You describe a situation as a race against time when you have to work very fast in order to do something before a particular time, or before another thing happens.
    1. An air force spokesman said the rescue operation was a race against time.
      一名空军发言人说这次营救行动是在和时间赛跑。

#英英释义回顶部

 noun

  • a canal for a current of water
      Synonym: raceway
    1. a contest of speed
      1. the race is to the swift
    2. any competition
      1. the race for the presidency
    3. people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock
      1. some biologists doubt that there are important genetic differences between races of human beings
    4. (biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species
        Synonym: subspecies
      1. the flow of air that is driven backwards by an aircraft propeller
          Synonym: slipstreamairstreambackwashwash

         verb

        • compete in a race
          1. he is running the Marathon this year
          2. let's race and see who gets there first
          Synonym: run
        • move fast
          1. He rushed down the hall to receive his guests
          2. The cars raced down the street
          Synonym: rushhotfoothastenhiespeedpelt alongrush alongcannonball alongbucket alongbelt alongstep on it
        • cause to move fast or to rush or race
          1. The psychologist raced the rats through a long maze
          Synonym: rush
        • to work as fast as possible towards a goal, sometimes in competition with others
          1. We are racing to find a cure for AIDS

        #双语例句回顶部

        • He righted the yacht and continued the race
          他调正了快艇,继续比赛。
        • I am very critical of the adequacy of Britain's race laws
          我对英国种族法律的适当性颇有微词。
        • Willie Hamilton broke away early in the race.
          威利·汉密尔顿在比赛中早早甩开了其他选手。
        • The centre is open to all, no matter what race or creed.
          该中心向所有人开放,不论种族和宗教信仰如何。
        • He's leading in the presidential race
          他在总统竞选中领先。
        • He crashed midway through the race
          他在比赛中途撞车了。
        • For this race, though, he had already placed a bet on one of the horses.
          但这场比赛他已经在其中一匹马身上下了赌注。
        • The women's race was won by the American, Patti Sue Plumer.
          女子赛跑的冠军被美国人帕蒂·休·普卢默夺得。
        • In the 10 years I raced in Europe, 30 drivers were killed
          在我10年的欧洲赛车生涯中,有30名车手丧生。
        • They may even have raced each other — but not regularly.
          他们甚至可能曾经相互比试过,只不过不是经常性的。
        • The high point of this trip was a day at the races.
          此行的高潮是去看赛马会的那一天。
        • The race for the White House begins in earnest today
          入主白宫的角逐今天正式开始。
        • Discrimination by employers on the grounds of race and nationality was illegal.
          雇主以种族或国籍为由歧视员工是非法的。
        • He raced across town to the State House building
          他快速穿过市区赶往州议会大厦。
        • The hares raced away out of sight.
          野兔飞奔而去,很快就看不见了。
        • Do they realize we are racing towards complete economic collapse?
          他们意识到我们的经济马上要彻底崩溃了吗?
        • American economic growth raced ahead.
          美国的经济飞速增长。
        • He still raced sports cars as often as he could.
          他仍然尽可能经常地参加赛车比赛。
        • I made sure I sounded calm but my mind was racing
          我确保自己听上去很镇定,但脑筋却飞快地转着。
        • Already her mind was racing ahead to the hundred and one things she had to do
          她的脑子已经急速地转动起来,思考自己必须做的那一大堆事。
        • Bits and pieces of the past raced through her mind.
          往昔的点点滴滴涌上她的心头。
        • Her heart raced uncontrollably.
          她控制不住地心跳加速。
        • An air force spokesman said the rescue operation was a race against time.
          一名空军发言人说这次营救行动是在和时间赛跑。
        • She won the race in record time.
          她以破纪录的成绩赢得了这场比赛。
        • His results are likely to reopen the debate on race and education.
          他的结果可能会重新引起关于种族和教育的辩论。
        • The race was restarted after a break of around 20 minutes
          在中断了大约20分钟后,比赛又重新开始了。
        • It is his first race this season.
          这是他本赛季的第一场比赛。
        • He has spent a year training crews for next month's round the world race.
          他已花了一年时间为下个月的环球比赛训练队伍。
        • She has watched the race on video.
          她看了比赛的录像。
        • I will match you in a race.
          我要和你赛跑。