renounce

英 [rɪˈnaʊns]

美 [rɪˈnaʊns]

v.  声明放弃; 宣布放弃; 宣布与…决裂; 宣布摒弃; 宣布断绝与…的关系

过去分词:renounced 过去式:renounced 现在分词:renouncing 第三人称单数:renounces 

TOEFLGRETEM8

Collins.1 / BNC.9856 / COCA.10656

#同义词辨析回顶部

abandon abdicate desert give up quit renounce waive【导航词义:抛弃,放弃】

abandon v. 放弃,遗弃
〔辨析〕
强调永远并完全放弃,不论自愿与否,也可能是为了逃避责任。
〔例证〕
He abandoned his wife and took all their money.
他抛弃了妻子,拿走了他们所有的钱财。
The captain ordered everyone to abandon the burning ship.
船长向所有人下令放弃正在燃烧的船只。
abdicate v. 让位,退位
〔辨析〕
常指国王等放弃王位。
〔例证〕
The Queen has no intention of abdicating her throne.
女王不打算让位。
King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936.
英王爱德华八世于1936年退位。
desert v. 抛弃,放弃
〔辨析〕
多指放弃从前的职业、伙伴、伴侣及监护人资格等,有时带有内疚感。
〔例证〕
He deserted his wife and married a Japanese girl.
他抛弃妻子后,和一位日本姑娘结婚了。
The mother deserted the baby boy soon after giving birth.
那位母亲生下男婴后不久就把他遗弃了。
give up phr. 取消;放弃
〔辨析〕
普通用语,强调终止做某事,通常用来表示放弃某个计划、设计、工作、职位等。
〔例证〕
He has given up his decision to visit New York.
他取消了访问纽约的决定。
I'll give up the job.
我要辞去这份工作。
quit v. 〈尤美〉终止;戒除
〔辨析〕
常指停止做于己不利或伤害他人的事。
〔例证〕
He wants to quit smoking.
他想戒烟。
If I don't get a pay rise, I'll quit.
如果不给我加薪,我就不干了。
renounce v. 放弃
〔辨析〕
表示正式声明放弃职位、官衔、权力等。
〔例证〕
He renounced his citizenship.
他正式声明放弃公民权利。
She renounced her religion.
她宣布放弃自己的宗教信仰。
waive v. 放弃;取消
〔辨析〕
表示正式宣布放弃权利、要求,或宣布取消规则、规定等。
〔例证〕
He had to waive his right to vote in Parliament.
他只好放弃在议会的投票权。
The local government refused to waive its rules.
地方政府拒绝取缔其规定。

#牛津词典回顶部

 verb

  • 声明放弃;宣布放弃
    to state officially that you are no longer going to keep a title, position, etc.
    1. to renounce a claim/title/privilege/right
      宣布放弃要求 / 头衔 / 特权 / 权利
  • 宣布与…决裂;宣布摒弃
    to state publicly that you no longer have a particular belief or that you will no longer behave in a particular way
    1. to renounce ideals/principles/beliefs, etc.
      宣布放弃理想、原则、信仰等
    2. a joint declaration renouncing the use of violence
      声明放弃使用暴力的联合宣言
  • 宣布断绝与…的关系
    to state publicly that you no longer wish to have a connection with sb/sth because you disapprove of them
    1. He had renounced his former associates.
      他已经宣布与过去的伙伴拆伙。

#柯林斯词典回顶部

  • VERB 宣布放弃,抛弃(信仰或行为方式)
    If you renounce a belief or a way of behaving, you decide and declare publicly that you no longer have that belief or will no longer behave in that way.
    1. After a period of imprisonment she renounced terrorism...
      在被囚禁一段时间之后,她宣布放弃恐怖主义。
  • VERB 正式放弃(要求、官阶或头衔)
    If you renounce a claim, rank, or title, you officially give it up.
    1. He renounced his claim to the French throne.
      他正式放弃对法国王位的继承权。

#英英释义回顶部

 verb

  • cast off
    1. She renounced her husband
    2. The parents repudiated their son
    Synonym: disownrepudiate
  • turn away from
    1. I am foreswearing women forever
    Synonym: foreswearquitrelinquish
  • leave (a job, post, or position) voluntarily
    1. She vacated the position when she got pregnant
    2. The chairman resigned when he was found to have misappropriated funds
    Synonym: vacateresigngive up
  • give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations
    1. The King abdicated when he married a divorcee
    Synonym: abdicate

#双语例句回顶部

  • I call on everyone to renounce the use of violence and armed struggle
    我呼吁每个人都放弃使用暴力和武装斗争。
  • The treaties renounce the use of force and pledge the two countries to co-operation.
    条约声明放弃使用武力,并保证两国将进行合作。
  • After a period of imprisonment she renounced terrorism
    在被囚禁一段时间之后,她宣布放弃恐怖主义。
  • He renounced his claim to the French throne.
    他正式放弃对法国王位的继承权。
  • I will respect our trade agreements with our allies, not unilaterally renounce them.
    我尊重与我们盟友的贸易协议,不会单方面中止协议。
  • President Obama said the Palestinians must renounce violence, and Israel must cease settlement activity.
    奥巴马总统说,巴勒斯坦人必须抛弃暴力,而以色列人必须停止兴建定居点的活动。
  • Israeli spokesman Mark Regev says Hamas is a terrorist organization that refuses to renounce violence or recognize Israel.
    以色列发言人雷格夫说,哈马斯是一个恐怖组织,它拒绝放弃暴力,拒绝承认以色列。
  • Take part in a rebellion; renounce a former allegiance.
    参与了一种背叛行动;否认对原来事物的忠贞。
  • The prime minister has refused to talk to the terrorists unless they renounce violence.
    首相已经拒绝与恐怖主义者谈判,除非他们放弃暴力。
  • I renounce the devil and all his works.
    我唾弃撒旦和他的所有恶行。
  • "I have determined to renounce the Throne"
    我已决定放弃王位
  • Do you renounce the devil and embrace Jesus Christ as your Lord and savior?
    你愿意抛弃魔鬼并信奉基督为你的主和救赎吗?
  • They refuse to renounce their claim on the territory.
    他们拒绝宣布放弃对领土的所有权。
  • He added that Hamas must still renounce violence and recognize Israel.
    他还说,哈马斯必须谴责暴力,承认以色列。
  • During the revolution, he was forced to renounce his faith.
    在革命期间,他被迫宣布放弃他的宗教信仰。
  • Both countries must renounce support for terrorism, and in Iran's case, its nuclear ambitions.
    两国必须断绝与恐怖主义的关系,伊朗要放弃核计划。
  • In particular, they insisted that they would never renounce their right to resist Israel by military means.
    他们特别坚持他们永远都不会宣布放弃武力对抗以色列的权利。
  • An elected Palestinian Authority ready to renounce violence would claim international legitimacy.
    一个经过选举产生、准备放弃暴力的巴勒斯坦权力机构将在国际上获得合法性。
  • The Quartet wants Hamas to recognise Israel, renounce violence and honour existing Palestinian agreements with Israel.
    四重奏希望哈玛斯承认以色列,放弃暴力,尊重巴勒斯坦与以色列之间既存的协议。
  • Curse me, if my sheep have not both teeth and claws; I renounce being their shepherd.
    见鬼,如果我的羊群没有尖牙和利爪,我不会做他们的羊倌。
  • Can they lure North Korea to consider peaceful reunification or to renounce its nuclear ambitions?
    他们能不能诱使朝鲜考虑与韩国和平统一?或是放弃核武野心?
  • Did he become an instant convert and renounce his barbaric ways?
    他是否立即变成了古典爱好者而抛弃了他以前所喜欢的东西么?
  • A man will renounce any pleasures you like but he will not give up his suffering.
    一个男子汉可以放弃一起喜乐,但是决不会放弃他的苦难。
  • A voice told me to renounce your sister.
    一个声音告诉我放弃你们的姐妹。
  • Article 12 State functionaries and military personnel on active service shall not renounce Chinese nationality.
    第十二条国家工作人员和现役军人,不得退出中国国籍。
  • I renounce my loyalties to House Sunstrider and its false prince.
    我抛弃对逐日者家族和那错误的王子的忠诚。
  • I want to renounce my vows of obedience.
    我要放弃对上帝的誓约。
  • You all know the reasons which have impelled me to renounce the throne.
    你们都知道促使我放弃王位的理由。
  • I formally renounce my positions in the national leadership of the party, my post as minister, my rank of major, and my Cuban citizenship.
    我正式辞去我在党的领导机构中的职务和我的部长职务,放弃我的少校军衔和我的古巴国籍。
  • The agreement requires all parties to renounce the use of violence.
    协议要求所有的党派放弃使用暴力。