step

英 [step]

美 [step]

n.  迈步; 脚步声; 步伐; 步态; 一步(的距离)
v.  迈步; 踩; 踏; 行走

复数:steps 过去式:stepped 现在分词:stepping 过去分词:stepped 第三人称单数:steps 

中考高考CET4CET6考研计算机

Oxford 3000 / Collins.5 / BNC.720 / COCA.587

#同义词辨析回顶部

measure expedient step【导航词义:措施】

measure n. 措施,办法
〔辨析〕
尤指官方为解决某一问题而采取的行动。
〔例证〕
Measures are being taken to prevent drunk driving in the city.
正在采取措施防止该市出现酒后驾车。
New food safety measures are being demanded.
民众要求制定新的食品安全措施。
expedient n. 权宜之计
〔辨析〕
指处理问题迅速有效的方法,即应急之策。
〔例证〕
Gradually, this became an expedient rather than an indispensable tactic.
慢慢地,这变成了一种权宜之计而非必要的策略。
step n. 措施
〔辨析〕
指为处理某一问题或取得成功而采取的一系列举措之一,含有循序渐进之意,常用复数。
〔例证〕
the first step in reforming the welfare system
福利制度改革的第一步
We must take steps to end the war.
我们必须采取措施来结束这场战争。
We are taking steps to protect our environment.
我们正在采取措施以保护环境。

#短语动词回顶部

step aside step down
1. 辞职;下台;让位  

step back
1. 退一步,置身事外(思考)  

step in
1. 介入,干预,插手(棘手问题)  

step out
1. 离开;退出  

step up
1. 增加(数量);提高(速度、强度等)  

#短语用例回顶部

step aside/down

  • 让位;退位
    to leave an important job or position and let sb else take your place

    step back (from sth)

    • 跳出(某事物的)圈子看问题
      to think about a situation calmly, as if you are not involved in it yourself

      step forward

      • 主动站出来(帮忙或提供信息);自告奋勇
        to offer to help sb or give information

        step in

        • 居间调停;居中斡旋;援之以手
          to help sb in a disagreement or difficult situation

          step out

          • 出去
            to go out
            1. Having completed the first stage, you can move on to step 2.
              第一阶段完成后,你就可以接着进行第2步了。
            2. I'd like to take this idea a step further .
              我想把这一思想深化一步。
            3. This was a big step up (= to a better position) in his career.
              这是他在事业上向前迈出的一大步。
            4. I'll explain it to you step by step .
              我来一步一步地给你解释。
            5. a step-by-step guide to building your own home
              自建房舍的分步骤指导手册

          step up

          • 走上前去
            to come forward
            1. She was sitting on the bottom step of the staircase.
              她正坐在最下面一磴楼梯上。
            2. We walked down some stone steps to the beach.
              我们走下几级石阶,来到海滩上。
            3. A short flight of steps led up to the door.
              上几磴台阶就到了门口。

          step sth↔up

          • 增加,提高(数量、速度等)
            to increase the amount, speed, etc. of sth

            #习惯用语回顶部

             n.

              break step
            • 走乱步伐
              to change the way you are walking so that you do not walk in the same rhythm as the people you are walking or marching with
            • fall into step (beside/with sb)
            • (和某人)合上步伐,步调一致起来
              to change the way you are walking so that you start walking in the same rhythm as the person you are walking with
            • He caught her up and fell into step beside her.
              他赶上她,跟着她的步子往前走。
            • in/out of step (with sb/sth)
            • (和某人)步伐一致(或不一致);(和音乐)合拍(或不合拍)
              putting your feet on the ground in the right/wrong way, according to the rhythm of the music or the people you are moving with
            • (和某人)想法一致(或不一致)
              having ideas that are the same as or different from other people's
            • She was out of step with her colleagues.
              她和同事们想法不一样。
            • mind/watch your step
            • 走路小心
              to walk carefully
            • 言行小心谨慎
              to behave in a careful and sensible way
            • one step forward, two steps back
            • 进一步,退两步
              used to say that every time you make progress, sth bad happens that means that the situation is worse than before
            • a/one step ahead (of sb/sth)
            • 避开(某人或某事物);领先(某人或某事物)一步
              when you are one step ahead of sb/sth, you manage to avoid them or to achieve sth more quickly than they do
            • a/one step at a time
            • 一步一步;逐步;按部就班
              when you do sth one step at a time you do it slowly and gradually

             v.

              step into the breach
            • 临时顶替某人工作;临时顶缺
              to do sb's job or work when they are suddenly or unexpectedly unable to do it
            • step into sb's shoes
            • 接替某人的工作
              to continue a job or the work that sb else has started
            • step on it
            • (尤用以要求加速驾驶)开快点,赶快
              used especially in orders to tell sb to drive faster
            • step on sb's toes step on sb's toes step out of line be/get out of line
            • 表现不好;不守规矩;越轨;出格
              to behave badly or break the rules

            #牛津词典回顶部

             noun

              动作;声音 movement/sound
            • 迈步;脚步声
              the act of lifting your foot and putting it down in order to walk or move somewhere; the sound this makes
              1. a baby's first steps
                婴儿学步
              2. He took a step towards the door.
                他朝门口迈了一步。
              3. We heard steps outside.
                我们听见外面有脚步声。
            • 步履 way of walking
            • 步伐;步态
              the way that sb walks
              1. He walked with a quick light step.
                他迈着轻快的步子走着。
            • 距离 distance
            • 一步(的距离)
              the distance that you cover when you take a step
              1. It's only a few steps further.
                再走几步就到了。
              2. He turned around and retraced his steps (= went back the way he had come) .
                他转身原路往回走。
              3. She moved a step closer to me.
                她朝我靠近一步。
              4. The hotel is only a short step from the beach.
                旅馆离海滩只有几步路。
            • 系列;过程 in series/process
            • 步骤;措施
              one of a series of things that you do in order to achieve sth
              1. This was a first step towards a united Europe.
                这是向建立统一欧洲的目标迈出的第一步。
              2. It's a big step giving up your job and moving halfway across the world.
                你放弃工作搬到地球的另一端,可真不简单。
              3. We are taking steps to prevent pollution.
                我们正在采取措施防止污染。
              4. This won't solve the problem but it's a step in the right direction .
                这虽不能解决问题,却是朝正确方向迈出的一步。
              5. The new drug is a major step forward in the treatment of the disease.
                这种新药的发现是治疗这一疾病的重大进展。
            • 步;阶段
              one of a series of things that sb does or that happen, which forms part of a process
              1. Having completed the first stage, you can move on to step 2.
                第一阶段完成后,你就可以接着进行第2步了。
              2. I'd like to take this idea a step further .
                我想把这一思想深化一步。
              3. This was a big step up (= to a better position) in his career.
                这是他在事业上向前迈出的一大步。
              4. I'll explain it to you step by step .
                我来一步一步地给你解释。
              5. a step-by-step guide to building your own home
                自建房舍的分步骤指导手册
            • 台阶 stair
            • 台阶;梯级
              a surface that you put your foot on in order to walk to a higher or lower level, especially one of a series
              1. She was sitting on the bottom step of the staircase.
                她正坐在最下面一磴楼梯上。
              2. We walked down some stone steps to the beach.
                我们走下几级石阶,来到海滩上。
              3. A short flight of steps led up to the door.
                上几磴台阶就到了门口。
            • 舞蹈 in dance
            • 舞步
              a series of movements that you make with your feet and which form a dance
              1. 健身运动 exercise
              2. 踏板操
                a type of exercise that you do by stepping on and off a raised piece of equipment
                1. step aerobics
                  有氧踏板操
                2. a step class
                  踏板操训练班
              3. 梯子 ladder
              4. 折梯;梯子
                a stepladder
                1. a pair of steps
                  一架折梯
                2. We need the steps to get into the attic.
                  我们得踩着梯子才能爬到阁楼上去。
              5. 音乐 in music
              6. 音级;度
                the interval between two notes that are next to each other in a scale

                 verb

                • 迈步;踩;踏;行走
                  to lift your foot and move it in a particular direction or put it on or in sth; to move a short distance
                  1. to step onto/off a bus
                    上 / 下公共汽车
                  2. I stepped forward when my name was called out.
                    我听见叫我名字时向前迈了一步。
                  3. She stepped aside to let them pass.
                    她闪到一边让他们过去。
                  4. We stepped carefully over the broken glass.
                    我们小心翼翼地从碎玻璃上走了过去。
                  5. I turned around quickly and stepped on his toes.
                    我一个急转身,踩到了他的脚上。
                  6. Going into the hotel is like stepping back in time.
                    走进这家旅馆就像是回到了过去。

                #柯林斯词典回顶部

                • N-COUNT (脚)步;步子
                  If you take a step, you lift your foot and put it down in a different place, for example when you are walking.
                  1. I took a step towards him...
                    我朝他迈了一步。
                  2. She walked on a few steps...
                    她继续走了几步。
                  3. I followed her, five steps behind...
                    我跟着她,保持 5 步的距离。
                  4. He heard steps in the corridor.
                    他听到走廊里有脚步声。
                • VERB 踩;踏;跨步;迈步
                  If you step on something or step in a particular direction, you put your foot on the thing or move your foot in that direction.
                  1. This was the moment when Neil Armstrong became the first man to step on the Moon...
                    就在此刻,内尔·阿姆斯特朗成了首位登上月球的人。
                  2. She accidentally stepped on his foot on a crowded commuter train...
                    她在拥挤的通勤列车上不小心踩到了他的脚。
                  3. I tried to step back, but he held my upper arms too tightly.
                    我试图往后退,但他将我的上臂抓得太紧了。
                • N-COUNT 阶梯;台阶
                  Steps are a series of surfaces at increasing or decreasing heights, on which you put your feet in order to walk up or down to a different level.
                  1. This little room was along a passage and down some steps...
                    这个小房间在沿着走廊再下几级台阶的地方。
                  2. A flight of stone steps leads to the terrace.
                    一段石阶通向露台。
                • See also: A little girl was sitting on the step of the end house... Leave empty milk bottles on the step. doorstep
                • N-COUNT 步骤;措施
                  A step is one of a series of actions that you take in order to achieve something.
                  1. He greeted the agreement as the first step towards peace...
                    他称该协定是通向和平的第一步。
                  2. She is not content with her present lot and wishes to take steps to improve it...
                    她对自己目前的生活并不满意,希望能采取措施改善它。
                  3. The elections were a step in the right direction, but there is a lot more to be done.
                    举行选举是迈出了正确的一步,但仍有很多事情要做。
                • N-COUNT 阶段;等级;进程
                  A step in a process is one of a series of stages.
                  1. The next step is to put the theory into practice...
                    下一步是要将理论付诸实践。
                  2. Aristotle took the scientific approach a step further.
                    亚里士多德将该科学方法向前推进了一步。
                • 舞步
                  The steps of a dance are the sequences of foot movements which make it up.
                  1. N-SING 步态;步姿;步伐
                    Someone's step is the way they walk.
                    1. He quickened his step...
                      他加快了步伐。
                    2. There was a real spring in her step.
                      她的步子非常轻快。
                  2. 同 stepladder
                    Steps are the same as a stepladder .
                    1. PHRASE 比…领先一步;避开
                      If you stay one step ahead of someone or something, you manage to achieve more than they do or avoid competition or danger from them.
                      1. Successful travel is partly a matter of keeping one step ahead of the crowd...
                        成功的旅行在某种程度上就是要比人群先走一步。
                      2. Businessmen cluster together to get ideas, tips, personal contacts anything to get a step ahead of the computer.
                        商人们聚集在一起寻求创意、建议、人际关系等,以便能比计算机领先一步。
                      3. ...nations only a few steps ahead of famine.
                        即将面临饥荒的各国
                    2. PHRASE 步伐整齐/步伐不整齐;合拍/不合拍
                      If people who are walking or dancing are in step, they are moving their feet forward at exactly the same time as each other. If they are out of step, their feet are moving forward at different times.
                      1. They were almost the same height and they moved perfectly in step...
                        他们几乎一样高,而且走路时步调完全一致。
                      2. They jogged in silence a while, faces lowered, out of step...
                        他们低着头,一言不发地慢跑了一会儿,步伐也不一致。
                      3. She slipped her hand into his and fell into step beside him.
                        她轻轻地把手放进他的手心,和他并排而行。
                    3. PHRASE (想法、意见等)与…一致/与…不一致
                      If people are in step with each other, their ideas or opinions are the same. If they are out of step with each other, their ideas or opinions are different.
                      1. Moscow is anxious to stay in step with Washington...
                        俄罗斯政府迫切希望和美国政府保持一致。
                      2. The British Government is once more out of step with world opinion.
                        英国政府的观点再一次和世界舆论出现分歧。
                    4. PHRASE 快点;赶快
                      If you tell someone to step on it, you are telling them to go faster or hurry up.
                      1. We've only got thirty-five minutes so step on it.
                        我们只有 35 分钟了,快点。
                    5. PHRASE 一步一步地;逐步地
                      If you do something step by step, you do it by progressing gradually from one stage to the next.
                      1. I am not rushing things and I'm taking it step by step...
                        我不会仓促行事,我会一步一步地来。
                      2. Follow our simple step-by-step instructions.
                        按照我们简单的说明,一步一步来。
                    6. 谨慎地行事(或说话)
                      If someone tells you to watch your step, they are warning you to be careful about how you behave or what you say so that you do not get into trouble.

                      #英英释义回顶部

                       noun

                      • any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal
                        1. the situation called for strong measures
                        2. the police took steps to reduce crime
                        Synonym: measure
                      • the act of changing location by raising the foot and setting it down
                        1. he walked with unsteady steps
                      • a sequence of foot movements that make up a particular dance
                        1. he taught them the waltz step
                        Synonym: dance step
                      • support consisting of a place to rest the foot while ascending or descending a stairway
                        1. he paused on the bottom step
                        Synonym: stair
                      • a solid block joined to the beams in which the heel of a ship's mast or capstan is fixed
                        1. a mark of a foot or shoe on a surface
                          1. the police made casts of the footprints in the soft earth outside the window
                          Synonym: footprintfootmark
                        2. a musical interval of two semitones
                            Synonym: tonewhole tonewhole step
                          1. the sound of a step of someone walking
                            1. he heard footsteps on the porch
                            Synonym: footfallfootstep
                          2. the distance covered by a step
                            1. he stepped off ten paces from the old tree and began to dig
                            Synonym: footsteppacestride
                          3. a short distance
                            1. it's only a step to the drugstore
                            Synonym: stone's throw
                          4. relative position in a graded series
                            1. always a step behind
                            2. subtle gradations in color
                            3. keep in step with the fashions
                            Synonym: gradation

                           verb

                          • move or proceed as if by steps into a new situation
                            1. She stepped into a life of luxury
                            2. he won't step into his father's footsteps
                          • measure (distances) by pacing
                            1. step off ten yards
                            Synonym: pace
                          • place (a ship's mast) in its step
                            1. shift or move by taking a step
                              1. step back
                            2. put down or press the foot, place the foot
                              1. For fools rush in where angels fear to tread
                              2. step on the brake
                              Synonym: tread
                            3. walk a short distance to a specified place or in a specified manner
                              1. step over to the blackboard
                            4. move with one's feet in a specific manner
                              1. step lively
                            5. furnish with steps
                              1. The architect wants to step the terrace
                            6. treat badly
                              1. This boss abuses his workers
                              2. She is always stepping on others to get ahead
                              Synonym: mistreatmaltreatabuseill-useill-treat
                            7. cause (a computer) to execute a single command

                              #双语例句回顶部

                              • The government took another step on the road to political reform.
                                政府在实现政治改革的路上又迈进了一步。
                              • I took a step towards him
                                我朝他迈了一步。
                              • He heard steps in the corridor.
                                他听到走廊里有脚步声。
                              • This was the moment when Neil Armstrong became the first man to step on the Moon
                                就在此刻,内尔·阿姆斯特朗成了首位登上月球的人。
                              • She accidentally stepped on his foot on a crowded commuter train
                                她在拥挤的通勤列车上不小心踩到了他的脚。
                              • I tried to step back, but he held my upper arms too tightly.
                                我试图往后退,但他将我的上臂抓得太紧了。
                              • This little room was along a passage and down some steps
                                这个小房间在沿着走廊再下几级台阶的地方。
                              • A flight of stone steps leads to the terrace.
                                一段石阶通向露台。
                              • A little girl was sitting on the step of the end house
                                一个小女孩正坐在最顶头那幢房子门前的平台上。
                              • Leave empty milk bottles on the step.
                                将空奶瓶放在门阶上。
                              • He greeted the agreement as the first step towards peace
                                他称该协定是通向和平的第一步。
                              • She is not content with her present lot and wishes to take steps to improve it
                                她对自己目前的生活并不满意,希望能采取措施改善它。
                              • The elections were a step in the right direction, but there is a lot more to be done.
                                举行选举是迈出了正确的一步,但仍有很多事情要做。
                              • The next step is to put the theory into practice
                                下一步是要将理论付诸实践。
                              • Aristotle took the scientific approach a step further.
                                亚里士多德将该科学方法向前推进了一步。
                              • There was a real spring in her step.
                                她的步子非常轻快。
                              • Successful travel is partly a matter of keeping one step ahead of the crowd
                                成功的旅行在某种程度上就是要比人群先走一步。
                              • Businessmen cluster together to get ideas, tips, personal contacts anything to get a step ahead of the computer.
                                商人们聚集在一起寻求创意、建议、人际关系等,以便能比计算机领先一步。
                              • They were almost the same height and they moved perfectly in step
                                他们几乎一样高,而且走路时步调完全一致。
                              • They jogged in silence a while, faces lowered, out of step
                                他们低着头,一言不发地慢跑了一会儿,步伐也不一致。
                              • She slipped her hand into his and fell into step beside him.
                                她轻轻地把手放进他的手心,和他并排而行。
                              • Moscow is anxious to stay in step with Washington
                                俄罗斯政府迫切希望和美国政府保持一致。
                              • The British Government is once more out of step with world opinion.
                                英国政府的观点再一次和世界舆论出现分歧。
                              • I am not rushing things and I'm taking it step by step
                                我不会仓促行事,我会一步一步地来。
                              • We have made a step towards success.
                                我们已向成功迈进一步。
                              • You must think twice before you take this step.
                                你在走这一步之前,应当三思。
                              • He's out of step with the rest of us.
                                他和我们大家步伐不大谐调。
                              • Sorry! Did I step on your foot?
                                对不起!我踩你脚了吧?