waive

英 [weɪv]

美 [weɪv]

v.  放弃(权利、要求等)

过去分词:waived 现在分词:waiving 过去式:waived 第三人称单数:waives 

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Collins.1 / BNC.11896 / COCA.10383

#同义词辨析回顶部

abandon abdicate desert give up quit renounce waive【导航词义:抛弃,放弃】

abandon v. 放弃,遗弃
〔辨析〕
强调永远并完全放弃,不论自愿与否,也可能是为了逃避责任。
〔例证〕
He abandoned his wife and took all their money.
他抛弃了妻子,拿走了他们所有的钱财。
The captain ordered everyone to abandon the burning ship.
船长向所有人下令放弃正在燃烧的船只。
abdicate v. 让位,退位
〔辨析〕
常指国王等放弃王位。
〔例证〕
The Queen has no intention of abdicating her throne.
女王不打算让位。
King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936.
英王爱德华八世于1936年退位。
desert v. 抛弃,放弃
〔辨析〕
多指放弃从前的职业、伙伴、伴侣及监护人资格等,有时带有内疚感。
〔例证〕
He deserted his wife and married a Japanese girl.
他抛弃妻子后,和一位日本姑娘结婚了。
The mother deserted the baby boy soon after giving birth.
那位母亲生下男婴后不久就把他遗弃了。
give up phr. 取消;放弃
〔辨析〕
普通用语,强调终止做某事,通常用来表示放弃某个计划、设计、工作、职位等。
〔例证〕
He has given up his decision to visit New York.
他取消了访问纽约的决定。
I'll give up the job.
我要辞去这份工作。
quit v. 〈尤美〉终止;戒除
〔辨析〕
常指停止做于己不利或伤害他人的事。
〔例证〕
He wants to quit smoking.
他想戒烟。
If I don't get a pay rise, I'll quit.
如果不给我加薪,我就不干了。
renounce v. 放弃
〔辨析〕
表示正式声明放弃职位、官衔、权力等。
〔例证〕
He renounced his citizenship.
他正式声明放弃公民权利。
She renounced her religion.
她宣布放弃自己的宗教信仰。
waive v. 放弃;取消
〔辨析〕
表示正式宣布放弃权利、要求,或宣布取消规则、规定等。
〔例证〕
He had to waive his right to vote in Parliament.
他只好放弃在议会的投票权。
The local government refused to waive its rules.
地方政府拒绝取缔其规定。

#牛津词典回顶部

 verb

  • 放弃(权利、要求等)
    to choose not to demand sth in a particular case, even though you have a legal or official right to do so

    #柯林斯词典回顶部

    • VERB 放弃(合法权利等)
      If you waive your right to something, for example legal representation, you choose not to have it or do it.
      1. He pleaded guilty to the murders of three boys and waived his right to appeal.
        他承认谋杀了3个男孩,并放弃上诉。
    • VERB (特定情况下)不强求执行(规则等)
      If someone waives a rule, they say that people do not have to obey it in a particular situation.
      1. The art gallery waives admission charges on Sundays...
        美术馆周日免收门票。
      2. The authorities had agreed to waive normal requirements for permits to cross the border.
        当局已经同意免除跨境所需办理的常规手续。

    #英英释义回顶部

     verb

    #双语例句回顶部

    • He pleaded guilty to the murders of three boys and waived his right to appeal.
      他承认谋杀了3个男孩,并放弃上诉。
    • The art gallery waives admission charges on Sundays
      美术馆周日免收门票。
    • The authorities had agreed to waive normal requirements for permits to cross the border.
      当局已经同意免除跨境所需办理的常规手续。
    • Interestingly, an author may not waive any of the rights provided by copyright.
      有趣的是,作者不能放弃版权提供的任何权利。
    • It is common for credit card companies to waive the annual fee for the first year.
      信用卡公司常常会免除第一年的年费。
    • We cannot waive this rule except in case of illness.
      我们不能放弃这项规定,除非因病例外。
    • We would waive formal entry requirements for strongly motivated applicants.
      对于意愿强烈的申请者,我们将不要求履行正式登记手续。
    • Confidentiality and the requirement to obtain consent to waive that confidentiality should be respected.
      保密应该得到尊重,取消保密需要获得当事人同意。
    • In view of our longstanding friendly relationship, I'll write to our home office to waive our claim.
      鉴于我们间长期的友好关系,我就写信给我们总公司提出放弃索赔。
    • The Seller, in his contract with the sub-contractor, shall not waive the assignability of rights.
      卖方在其与下级承包人的合同中,不能豁免权利的转让性。
    • No such party has the authority to waive or vary any of these terms.
      并且所有各方均有权享有本条款和条件的权益。
    • Our failure to act with respect to a breach by you or others does not waive our right to act with respect to subsequent or similar breaches.
      我们未就您或他人的违约行为采取行动,并不表明我们放弃对后继或类似违约行为采取行动的权利。
    • Our failure to enforce any right under this Agreement will not waive that right.
      我们不执行任何权利,根据这项协议,也不会放弃这一权利。
    • You agree to waive the claim, which speak well for your friendly attitude and close cooperation.
      你们同意放弃索赔,这充分说明你方的友好态度和密切合作。
    • Buyer may not modify, change, renounce or waive any term or condition hereof without Fisnar's express written consent.
      未经必升能明确的书面同意,买方不可以修改、更换、否认或放弃本协议中的任何条款和条件。
    • To waive your right to inherit his land.
      放弃你继承他土地的权利。
    • If we make a large enough order, could you waive the delivery fee!
      如果我们的订单足够大,你们能够免去运送费吗?
    • Well, I agree to waive the claim.
      好吧,我同意放弃索赔要求。
    • Since we have fail to cover the risk of contamination, we cannot choose but waive our claim.
      既然我们没有投保污染险,我们只得放弃索赔要求。
    • In the U. S. the defendant may waive trial by jury.
      在美国被告可放弃陪审团的审判。
    • Last month, bondholders agreed to temporarily waive their right to force the company into bankruptcy.
      上月,债券持有人同意暂时放弃强迫该公司破产的权利。
    • He will waive all rights to the money.
      他将放弃有关那笔钱的一切权力。
    • That the defendants wish to waive their right to a preliminary hearing.
      被告希望放弃初次审讯之权。
    • If the result prove you is right, I'll persuade them to waive the claim.
      如结果证明您是对的,我将说服他们放弃索赔。
    • Waive the business registration fee for one year.
      宽免商业登记费一年。
    • Would you like to waive your right to an attorney?
      你是否愿意放弃请求律师的权利?
    • A lawyer may agree to waive a client's duty to pay or other duty owed to the lawyer.
      律师可以协议放弃委托人对律师承担的付款职责或者其他职责。
    • We can waive our business for the night.
      我可以取消晚上的商业活动。
    • The Bank at its discretion may waive any of the privileges, immunities and exemptions conferred under this Chapter in any case or instance, in such manner and upon such conditions as it may determine to be appropriate in the best interests of the Bank.
      银行可自行决定在任何情况或事例中,以其认为最有利于银行的方式和条件,放弃本章赋予其的任何特权、豁免和免税权。